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Socioeconomic Impact of Tourism: The Case of Tanzania


  • Kinyondo, Abel
  • Pelizzo, Riccardo


The paper shows that while tourism has grown over the past few decades and has made a significant contribution to Tanzania’s exports, Tanzania’s economy and Tanzania’s labour market, Tanzania’s tourism sector could have been more successful. This claim is supported by the fact that Tanzania has a greater number of natural wonders than its competitors, greater potential market and it features more prominently than other destinations in the packages offered by tour operators around the world. The paper further argues that while the tourism sector could be more successful and attract more tourists, there is a trade-off between the economic dividends and the environmental problems that a thriving tourism sector could generate. The key policy implication of the present paper is that Tanzania’s tourism sector should be developed in a sustainable way. By failing to do so and by damaging the environment, the tourism sector could undermine its own sustainability.

Suggested Citation

  • Kinyondo, Abel & Pelizzo, Riccardo, 2020. "Socioeconomic Impact of Tourism: The Case of Tanzania," African Journal of Economic Review, African Journal of Economic Review, vol. 8(2), July.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:afjecr:304724
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.304724

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Saenz-de-Miera, Oscar & Rosselló, Jaume, 2014. "Modeling tourism impacts on air pollution: The case study of PM10 in Mallorca," Tourism Management, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 273-281.
    2. David W. Marcouiller & Xianli Xia, 2008. "Distribution of Income from Tourism-Sensitive Employment," Tourism Economics, , vol. 14(3), pages 545-565, September.
    3. Ivar Kolstad & Abel Kinyondo, 2017. "Alternatives to local content requirements in resource-rich countries," Oxford Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(4), pages 409-423, October.
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    Cited by:

    1. Oladunjoye, Opeyemi Nathaniel & Areyemi, Victor Olaife, 2021. "Tourism, Globalization and Economic Growth in Nigeria," African Journal of Economic Review, African Journal of Economic Review, vol. 9(2), April.

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