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Economic Transformation in Ghana: Where Will the Path Lead?

  • Shashidhara Kolavalli

    ()

    (International Food Policy Research Institute)

  • Elizabeth Robinson

    ()

    (Department of Economics; University of Gothenburg)

  • Guyslain Ngeleza

    (International Food Policy Research Institute)

  • Felix Asante

    ()

    (Institute of Statistical, Social and Economic Research; University of Ghana)

In the context of the Ghanaian government’s objective of structural transformation with an emphasis on manufacturing, this paper provides a case study of economic transformation in Ghana, exploring patterns of growth, sectoral transformation, and agglomeration. We document and examine why, despite impressive growth and poverty reduction figures, Ghana’s economy has exhibited less transformation than might be expected for a country that has recently achieved middle-income status. Ghana’s reduced share of agriculture in the economy, unlike many successfully transformed countries in Asia and Latin America, has been filled by services, while manufacturing has stagnated and even declined. Likely causes include weak transformation of the agricultural sector and therefore little development of agroprocessing, the emergence of consumption cities and consumption-driven growth, upward pressure on the exchange rate, weak production linkages, and a poor environment for private-sector-led manufacturing.

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Article provided by African Finance and Economic Association in its journal Journal of African Development.

Volume (Year): 14 (2012)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 41-78

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Handle: RePEc:afe:journl:v:14:y:2012:i:2:p:41-78
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