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Globalisierung und unvollkommene Kapitalmärkte: verschärft die Knappheit international anerkannter Sicherheiten Länderkrisen?

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  • Fehn, Rainer
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    Abstract

    This paper discusses the question, how a limited negative shock can push emerging economies into a severe crisis if capital markets are imperfect and if internationally accepted collateral is scarce. To this end, it is first laid out how imperfect capital markets influence real activity in a closed economy and why the provision of collateral can magnify economic cycles. This is followed by a model showing for the open-economy case that the scarcity of internationally accepted collateral can drastically raise the severity of a country crisis. This result is mainly due to the assumption of a twofold agency problem, one on the domestic capital market and another one between the home country and the rest of the world. The paper concludes with some remarks concerning economic policy. --

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    Paper provided by Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg, Lehrstuhl für Volkswirtschaftslehre, insbes. Wirtschaftsordnung und Sozialpolitik in its series Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Beiträge with number 29.

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    Date of creation: 1999
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:wuewwb:29

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    1. Pierre-Richard Agenor & Joshua Aizenman, 1997. "Contagion and Volatility with Imperfect Credit Markets," NBER Working Papers 6080, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    3. Hali J. Edison & Pongsak Luangaram & Marcus Miller, 1998. "Asset bubbles, domino effects and 'lifeboats': elements of the East Asian crisis," International Finance Discussion Papers 606, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    4. Bester, Helmut, 1987. "The role of collateral in credit markets with imperfect information," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 31(4), pages 887-899, June.
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    7. Aizenman, Joshua & Powell, Andrew, 2003. "Volatility and financial intermediation," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 22(5), pages 657-679, October.
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    15. Taimur Baig & Ilan Goldfajn, 1998. "Financial Market Contagion in the Asian Crisis," IMF Working Papers 98/155, International Monetary Fund.
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    17. Maurice Obstfeld, 1994. "The Logic of Currency Crises," NBER Working Papers 4640, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    18. Stiglitz, Joseph E & Weiss, Andrew, 1981. "Credit Rationing in Markets with Imperfect Information," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 71(3), pages 393-410, June.
    19. Bester,Helmut Hellwig,Martin, 1987. "Moral hazard and equilibrium credit rationing: An overview of the issues," Discussion Paper Serie A 125, University of Bonn, Germany.
    20. Berthold, Norbert, 1999. "Labor market policy in a global economy," Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Beiträge 26, Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg, Lehrstuhl für Volkswirtschaftslehre, insbes. Wirtschaftsordnung und Sozialpolitik.
    21. Golder, Stefan M., 1999. "Precautionary credit lines: A means to contain contagion in financial markets?," Kiel Discussion Papers 341, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
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