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Empirische Ex-Post Evaluation von wettbewerbspolitischen Entscheidungen: Methodische Anmerkungen

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  • Budzinski, Oliver

Abstract

Im Rahmen des Generalthemas 'Methodische Grundlagen der empirischen Institutionenökonomik: Konzeptionelle Fragen und Beispiele' beschäftigt sich der vorliegende Beitrag mit Methoden und wirtschaftspolitischen Konsequenzen der empirischen Ex-Post-Evaluation wettbewerbspolitischer Entscheidungen. Damit werden indirekt die zugrundeliegenden Institutionen empirisch evaluiert, da wettbewerbspolitische Entscheidungen durch eine Wettbewerbsbehörde und durch ein Gericht auf einer Reihe von Institutionen (materielle Wettbewerbsregeln, Verfahrensregeln, usw.) beruhen. Erfahren die Entscheidungen einer Wettbewerbsbehörde beispielsweise systematisch eine negative Ex-Post Evaluierung, so liegt der Schluss nahe, dass die institutionellen Rahmenbedingungen dieser Entscheidungen mindestens Teil der Problemursache sind. Neben der Frage unangemessener Eingriffs- oder Verbotsstandards, problematischer Verteidigungen und Ausnahmen, ineffizienter Verfahrensregeln u.v.a.m. könnte ein solches Problem der institutionellen Rahmenbedingungen beispielsweise auch darin bestehen, dass die entscheidende Behörde einen zu großen diskretionären Handlungsspielraum hat und zu wenig regelgebunden agiert (Budzinski 2010). Es muss hierbei allerdings auch klar gesehen werden, dass der Schritt von der Feststellung 'falscher' Entscheidungen einer Wettbewerbsbehörde zu der Identifizierung möglicher institutioneller Ursachen alles andere als trivial ist. --

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Ilmenau University of Technology, Institute of Economics in its series Ilmenau Economics Discussion Papers with number 69.

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Date of creation: 2012
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:tuiedp:69

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  1. Orley C. Ashenfelter & Daniel S. Hosken & Matthew C. Weinberg, 2013. "The Price Effects of a Large Merger of Manufacturers: A Case Study of Maytag-Whirlpool," American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, American Economic Association, vol. 5(1), pages 239-61, February.
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  12. Damien Neven & Hans Zenger, 2008. "Ex Post Evaluation of Enforcement: A Principal-Agent Perspective," De Economist, Springer, vol. 156(4), pages 477-490, December.
  13. Oliver Budzinski, 2011. "The Institutional Framework for Doing Sports Business: Principles of EU Competition Policy in Sports Markets," Working Papers 1103, International Association of Sports Economists & North American Association of Sports Economists.
  14. Oliver Budzinski, 2011. "Impact Evaluation of Merger Decisions," Working Papers 112/11, University of Southern Denmark, Department of Environmental and Business Economics.
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  19. Peters, Craig, 2006. "Evaluating the Performance of Merger Simulation: Evidence from the U.S. Airline Industry," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 49(2), pages 627-49, October.
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  21. Buccirossi, Paolo & Ciari, Lorenzo & Duso, Tomaso & Spagnolo, Giancarlo & Vitale, Cristiana, 2009. "Measuring the deterrence properties of competition policy: The competition policy indexes," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Competition and Innovation SP II 2009-15, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
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  28. Budzinski, Oliver & Christiansen, Arndt, 2007. "The Oracle/PeopleSoft case: unilateral effects, simulation models and econometrics in contemporary merger control," IBES Diskussionsbeiträge 157, University of Duisburg-Essen, Faculty for Economics and Business Administration.
  29. Stillman, Robert, 1983. "Examining antitrust policy towards horizontal mergers," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 11(1-4), pages 225-240, April.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Budzinski, Oliver, 2012. "Impact evaluation of merger control decisions," Ilmenau Economics Discussion Papers 75, Ilmenau University of Technology, Institute of Economics.
  2. Budzinski, Oliver, 2012. "Würde eine unabhängige europäische Wettbewerbsbehörde eine bessere Wettbewerbspolitik machen?," Ilmenau Economics Discussion Papers 78, Ilmenau University of Technology, Institute of Economics.
  3. Haji Ali Beigi, Maryam & Budzinski, Oliver, 2012. "On the use of event studies to evaluate economic policy decisions: A note of caution," Ilmenau Economics Discussion Papers 80, Ilmenau University of Technology, Institute of Economics.

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