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How and why does the efficiency of regional innovation systems differ?

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  • Fritsch, Michael

Abstract

Literature suggests that location should matter for R&D activities. However, attempts to empirically detect differences in innovation activity between regions have so far been rather unsuccessful. Using a unique data set which contains comparable information about manufacturing enterprises in eleven European regions, a number of significant regional differences in the efficiency of innovation activities can be found. This variation is in correspondence with a center-periphery pattern indicating that agglomeration economies are conducive to R&D activities. The paper investigates whether the differences in efficiency of regional innovation systems can be explained by differences in R&D-cooperation behavior. -- In der Literatur finden sich vielfältige Hinweise darauf, dass von den Standort-bedingungen ein Einfluss auf Innovationsaktivitäten ausgeht. Allerdings haben entsprechenden empirische Untersuchungen bisher nur recht schwache Evidenz hierzu erbracht. Auf der Grundlage von Daten über Industriebetriebe in elf eu-ropäischen Regionen können eine ganze Reihe von signifikanten interregiona-len Unterschieden hinsichtlich der Effizienz von Innovationsaktivitäten identi-fiziert werden. Dass diese Unterschiede tendenziell einem Zentrum-Peripherie-Muster entsprechen deutet darauf hin, dass für FuE-Aktivitäten bestimmte Ag-glomerationsvorteile bestehen. In dem Aufsatz wird der Frage nachgegangen, inwieweit die feststellbaren Unterschiede der Effizienz regionaler Innovations-systeme mit entsprechenden Unterschieden im Kooperationsverhalten erklärt werden können.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by TU Bergakademie Freiberg, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration in its series Freiberg Working Papers with number 2002,05.

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Date of creation: 2002
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:tufwps:200205

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Related research

Keywords: Innovation; R&D productivity; R&D cooperation; regional innovation systems; knowledge production function; Innovation; FuE Produktivität; FuE Kooperation; Regionale Innovationssysteme; Wissensproduktionsfunktion;

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References

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  1. Fritsch, Michael & Lukas, Rolf, 1998. "Who Cooperates on R&D?," Freiberg Working Papers 1998,12, TU Bergakademie Freiberg, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
  2. Michael Fritsch, 2001. "Co-operation in Regional Innovation Systems," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 35(4), pages 297-307.
  3. Anselin, Luc & Varga, Attila & Acs, Zoltan, 1997. "Local Geographic Spillovers between University Research and High Technology Innovations," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(3), pages 422-448, November.
  4. Jaffe, A.B. & Trajtenberg, M., 1992. "Geographic Localization of Knowledge Spillovers as Evidenced by Patent Citations," Papers 14-92, Tel Aviv.
  5. Acs, Zoltan J & Audretsch, David B & Feldman, Maryann P, 1992. "Real Effects of Academic Research: Comment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 82(1), pages 363-67, March.
  6. Fritsch, Michael, 2002. "Does R&D-cooperation behavior differ between regions?," Freiberg Working Papers 2002,04, TU Bergakademie Freiberg, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
  7. Michael Fritsch, 2004. "Cooperation and the efficiency of regional R&D activities," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 28(6), pages 829-846, November.
  8. Fritsch, Michael & Franke, Grit, 2004. "Innovation, regional knowledge spillovers and R&D cooperation," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 33(2), pages 245-255, March.
  9. Baptista, Rui & Swann, Peter, 1998. "Do firms in clusters innovate more?," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 27(5), pages 525-540, September.
  10. G. M. Peter Swann & Rui Baptista, 1999. "A comparison of clustering dynamics in the US and UK computer industries," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 9(3), pages 373-399.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Grosse, Diana & Ullmann, Robert & Weyh, Enrico, 2006. "Die Führung innovativer Teams unter Berücksichtigung rechtlicher und psychologischer Aspekte," Freiberg Working Papers 2006,05, TU Bergakademie Freiberg, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
  2. Enke, Margit & Greschuchna, Larissa, 2005. "Aufbau von Vertrauen in Dienstleistungsinteraktionen durch Instrumente der Kommunikationspolitik - dargestellt am Beispiel der Beratung kleiner und mittlerer Unternehmen -," Freiberg Working Papers 2005,06, TU Bergakademie Freiberg, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
  3. Felden, Carsten & Bock, Heiko & Gräning, André & Molotowa, Lana & Saat, Jan, 2006. "Evaluation von Algorithmen zur Textklassifikation," Freiberg Working Papers 2006,10, TU Bergakademie Freiberg, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
  4. Körnert, Jan & Rossaro, Fabiana, 2004. "Der Eigenkapitalbeitrag in der Marktzinsmethode," Freiberg Working Papers 2004,11, TU Bergakademie Freiberg, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
  5. Jacob, Dieter & Uhlig, Tilo & Stuhr, Constanze, 2005. "Bewertung der Immobilien von Akutkrankenhäusern der Regelversorgung unter Beachtung des neuen DRG-orientierten Vergütungssystems für stationäre Leistungen," Freiberg Working Papers 2005,02, TU Bergakademie Freiberg, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
  6. Tom Broekel & Nicky Rogge & Thomas Brenner, 2013. "The innovation efficiency of German regions - a shared-input DEA approach," Working Papers on Innovation and Space 2013-08, Philipps University Marburg, Department of Geography.
  7. Minuk, Olga & Rossaro, Fabiana & Walther, Ursula, 2005. "Zur Reform der Einlagensicherung in Weißrussland - Kritische Analyse und Vergleich mit dem Deutschen Einlagensicherungssystem," Freiberg Working Papers 2005,12, TU Bergakademie Freiberg, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
  8. Rogler, Silvia, 2006. "Vergleichbarkeit von Gesamt- und Umsatzkostenverfahren: Auswirkungen auf die Jahresabschlussanalyse," Freiberg Working Papers 2006,06, TU Bergakademie Freiberg, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
  9. Fritsch, Michael & Stützer, Michael, 2006. "Die Geografie der Kreativen Klasse in Deutschland," Freiberg Working Papers 2006,11, TU Bergakademie Freiberg, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
  10. Tom Broekel & Thomas Brenner, 2007. "Measuring Regional Innovativeness - A Methodological Discussion and an Application to One German Industry," Jena Economic Research Papers 2007-065, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena, Max-Planck-Institute of Economics.

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