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The Role of Regional Knowledge for Innovation

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  • Michael Fritsch

    ()

  • Viktor Slavtchev

    ()

Abstract

There is a broad consent that the extent, quality as well as the success of innovation activity is critically dependent on the generation and the application of knowledge. It is also widely recognized that innovation processes have a pronounced regional dimension and that the conditions for innovation activity may differ considerably between geographic areas. We investigate the contribution of different inputs, particularly different knowledge sources, on regional patenting output in the framework of a knowledge production function. Earlier work (Fritsch & Franke, 2004) suggests that there are considerable differences with regard to the role of different types of knowledge for innovation activity. These different types of knowledge have different degrees of localization. We expect that the impact of the knowledge sources differs by field of as well as according to the type of institution (university vs. non-university public research institution). .One may, therefore, expects that the technology opportunity differs across sectors and geographical areas. However, little is known about such differences. The innovation indicator used in our analysis is the number of patents. The knowledge sources included are: •R&D employment, •R&D employment in small firms and large firms respectively, •Qualification of the regional workforce, •Qualification of employees in small firms and large firms respectively, •Size (number of employees, budget) of public research institutions by field of research. •Amount of research funds from private firms by field of study. •Amount of external research funds from public departments by field of study. •Amount of external research funds from the German Science Foundation (DFG) by field of study. The contribution of these knowledge sources is tested systematically on the level of German districts (Kreise). Information on the different knowledge sources is available for each district on a yearly basis. We test the influence of the knowledge sources in different specifications by including the respective information for the particular region and for adjacent regions. This will reveal the role of local knowledge and of interregional knowledge spillovers for innovation behavior. We expect that technology performance of regions is a path dependent process. The analysis is performed for German regions in the 1990s. Information on the yearly number of patents relates to the years 1995-2000. regional employment is taken from the German Social Insurance Statistics. Information on universities and their funds are taken from the German Hochschulstatistik which has been especially prepared for this analysis.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by European Regional Science Association in its series ERSA conference papers with number ersa05p623.

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Date of creation: Aug 2005
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Handle: RePEc:wiw:wiwrsa:ersa05p623

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  1. Audretsch, David B & Stephan, Paula E, 1996. "Company-Scientist Locational Links: The Case of Biotechnology," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 86(3), pages 641-52, June.
  2. Michael Fritsch, 2004. "Cooperation and the efficiency of regional R&D activities," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, Oxford University Press, vol. 28(6), pages 829-846, November.
  3. Fritsch, Michael & Franke, Grit, 2004. "Innovation, regional knowledge spillovers and R&D cooperation," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 33(2), pages 245-255, March.
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  11. Fritsch, Michael, 2003. "Do regional systems of innovation matter?," Freiberg Working Papers, TU Bergakademie Freiberg, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration 2003,03, TU Bergakademie Freiberg, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
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  25. Jaffe, Adam B & Trajtenberg, Manuel & Henderson, Rebecca, 1993. "Geographic Localization of Knowledge Spillovers as Evidenced by Patent Citations," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 108(3), pages 577-98, August.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Michael Fritsch & Dirk Schilder, 2008. "Does venture capital investment really require spatial proximity? An empirical investigation," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 40(9), pages 2114-2131, September.
  2. Joachim Wagner, 2006. "International Firm Activities and Innovation: Evidence from Knowledge Production Functions for German Firms," Working Paper Series in Economics, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics 25, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics.
  3. Frosch, Katharina & Tivig, Thusnelda, 2007. "Age, human capital and the geography of innovation," Thuenen-Series of Applied Economic Theory, University of Rostock, Institute of Economics 71, University of Rostock, Institute of Economics.
  4. Fritsch, Michael & Slavtchev, Viktor, 2006. "Measuring the efficiency of regional innovation systems: an empirical assessment," Freiberg Working Papers, TU Bergakademie Freiberg, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration 2006,08, TU Bergakademie Freiberg, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
  5. Graf, Holger & Henning, Tobias, 2006. "Research in regional networks of innovators: a comparative study of four East-German regions," Freiberg Working Papers, TU Bergakademie Freiberg, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration 2006,14, TU Bergakademie Freiberg, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.

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