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Energiepolitik: Erfolgreiche Energiewende nur im europäischen Kontext

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  • Hübner, Malte
  • Schmidt, Christoph M.
  • Weigert, Benjamin

Abstract

In Deutschland besteht seit dem Beschluss des Energiekonzepts der schwarz-gelben Koalition im Jahr 2010 und dem im Jahr 2011 erneut bestätigten Ausstieg aus der Kernenergie ein Konsens, die Stromerzeugung bis zum Jahr 2050 so umzubauen, dass die erneuerbaren Energien daran den Hauptanteil übernommen haben werden. Der Weg dahin ist jedoch noch nicht vollständig ausbuchstabiert. In diesem Papier diskutieren wir die wirtschaftspolitischen Voraussetzungen, die für ein Gelingen der Energiewende notwendigerweise geschaffen werden müssen. Der Schwerpunkt der Analyse liegt auf den Instrumenten zur Verringerung der CO2- Emissionen. Wir argumentieren, dass sich die Kosten der Energiewende minimieren lassen, wenn die Emissionen ausschliesslich durch den Emissionsrechtehandel begrenzt werden. Wenn die Stromerzeugung aus erneuerbaren Energien zusätzlich gefördert werden soll, lässt sich dies kosteneffizient nur durch eine mittelfristig anzustrebende europäische Harmonisierung der Förderung erreichen. Ein geeigneter Weg dorthin besteht darin, zunächst die Förderung in Deutschland auf eine Mengensteuerung umzustellen und dieses System dann schrittweise mit den Fördersystemen anderer EU-Länder zu kombinieren. --

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by German Council of Economic Experts / Sachverständigenrat zur Begutachtung der gesamtwirtschaftlichen Entwicklung in its series Working Papers with number 03/2012.

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Date of creation: 2012
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:svrwwp:032012

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Keywords: Energiewende; Erneuerbare Energien; EEG; Emissionsrechtehandel; Grünstromzertifikate;

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  1. Roques, Fabien & Hiroux, Céline & Saguan, Marcelo, 2010. "Optimal wind power deployment in Europe--A portfolio approach," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(7), pages 3245-3256, July.
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  3. Verhaegen, Karolien & Meeus, Leonardo & Belmans, Ronnie, 2009. "Towards an international tradable green certificate system--The challenging example of Belgium," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 13(1), pages 208-215, January.
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  6. Roland Döhrn & Philipp an de Meulen & Tobias Kitlinski & Martin Micheli & Torsten Schmidt & Simeon Vosen & György Barabas & Heinz Gebhardt & Lina Zimmermann, 2011. "Die wirtschaftliche Entwicklung im Inland zur Jahresmitte 2011 - Zunehmende Risiken für die Konjunktur," RWI Konjunkturbericht, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, pages 50, 09.
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  8. Menanteau, Philippe & Finon, Dominique & Lamy, Marie-Laure, 2003. "Prices versus quantities: choosing policies for promoting the development of renewable energy," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 31(8), pages 799-812, June.
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Cited by:
  1. Strunz, Sebastian & Gawel, Erik & Lehmann, Paul, 2014. "Towards a general "Europeanization" of EU Member States' energy policies?," UFZ Discussion Papers 17/2014, Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research (UFZ), Division of Social Sciences (ÖKUS).
  2. Gawel, Erik & Strunz, Sebastian & Lehmann, Paul, 2014. "Wie viel Europa braucht die Energiewende?," UFZ Discussion Papers 4/2014, Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research (UFZ), Division of Social Sciences (ÖKUS).

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