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Regionalentwicklung und Armut: Theoretische Grundlagen einer regional-orientierten Politik der Armutsbekämpfung unter besonderer Berücksichtigung Chinas

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  • Diehl, Martin
  • Hemmer, Hans-Rimbert

Abstract

Ungleichverteilungen von Wohlstand und Armut treten nicht nur im internationalen, sondern auch innerhalb einzelner Länder im interregionalen Vergleich auf. Innerhalb der einzelnen Länder zeigt sich zudem oftmals eine Konzentration der absolut armen Menschen auf einzelne Regionen. Dieses Phänomen ist nicht neu,1 aber von aktueller Bedeutung, da im Zuge des ordnungspolitischen Transformationsprozesses2 in vielen Ländern zumindest in den ersten Transformationsphasen meist ein spürbarer Anstieg der Zahl der absolut Armen erfolgt. Die gleichzeitige regionale Konzentration dieser Armutszunahme kann sich durchaus als Sprengsatz für die Fortsetzung der Reformpolitik erweisen. Insofern ist die Analyse der Ursachen dieser regional ungleichen Entwicklung sowie die Erarbeitung geeigneter Gegenmaßnahmen von hoher Bedeutung für die Transformations- und Entwicklungspolitik. Der vorliegende Aufsatz versucht, hierzu einen Beitrag zu leisten. Zur empirischen Untermauerung der einzelnen Aussagen wird dabei ein Akzent auf die VR China gelegt, in der derzeit erhebliche regionale Disparitäten vorliegen. --

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Justus Liebig University Giessen, Institute for Development Economics in its series Discussion Papers in Development Economics with number 21.

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Date of creation: 1996
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:jluide:21

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  1. Robert J. Barro & Xavier Sala-i-Martin, 1991. "Convergence across States and Regions," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 22(1), pages 107-182.
  2. Hemmer, Hans-Rimbert, 1995. "Zur Problematik der Massenarmut in Entwicklungsländern: Der Zusammenhang zwischen der Mikro- und der Makroebene," Discussion Papers in Development Economics 17, Justus Liebig University Giessen, Institute for Development Economics.
  3. Barro, Robert J & Sala-i-Martin, Xavier, 1992. "Convergence," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 100(2), pages 223-51, April.
  4. Wilhelm, Rainer, 1996. "Endogene Wachstumstheorien und ihre Implikationen für Entwicklungsländer," Discussion Papers in Development Economics 20, Justus Liebig University Giessen, Institute for Development Economics.
  5. Baker, Judy L. & Grosh, Margaret E., 1994. "Poverty reduction through geographic targeting: How well does it work?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 22(7), pages 983-995, July.
  6. Friedmann, John, 1979. "Basic needs, agropolitan development, and planning from below," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 7(6), pages 607-613, June.
  7. Michael W. Bell & Kalpana Kochhar & Hoe Ee Khor, 1993. "China at the Threshold of a Market Economy," IMF Occasional Papers 107, International Monetary Fund.
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