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Innovationstätigkeit im Mittelstand: Messung und Bewertung


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  • Maaß, Frank
  • Führmann, Bettina
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    Gegenstand der vorliegenden Studie ist eine kritische Bestandsaufnahme der Innovationstätigkeit kleiner und mittlerer Unternehmen (KMU) im Vergleich zu Großunternehmen in Deutschland. Hierzu wird die vorhandene Literatur ausgewertet und die existierenden Daten-sammlungen in ihrer Erfassungssystematik analysiert. Die Untersuchung zeigt, dass Großunternehmen häufiger als KMU innovativ sind. Dies ist insbesondere hinsichtlich der technologischen Innovationen zu beobachten. Neueste Berichtssysteme basierend auf der erweiterten OECD-Begriffsdefinition berücksichtigen auch nicht-technologische Innovationen. Hier zeigt sich eine besondere Stärke der KMU. In der Gesamtbetrachtung sind die KMU deutlich häufiger innovativ als bislang angenommen. 78 % der Unternehmen mit 10 bis 49 und 84 % der Unternehmen mit 50 bis 249 Beschäftigten beteiligen sich am Innovationsprozess. Der Anteilswert für die Großunternehmen liegt bei 95 %. -- The objective of this study is to assess the contribution of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) to innovation in Germany. The paper reviews the empirical literature on SMEs' innovation activities and conceptualises indicators to identify the key dimensions of innovation processes and outputs. The analysis of statistical data and surveys from various sources shows that large enterprises on the whole are more often innovative than SMEs. This is particularly the case for technological innovations. As new data based on the OECD wider concept of innovation reveal, the strength of SMEs lies in their non-technological innovation capacity. Covering both types of innovation activities SMEs turn out to be innovative more often than presumed. Indeed, 78 % of all small enterprises with 10 to 49 employees engage in innovation activities. The share of innovators is even higher among the enterprises with 50 to 249 employees (84 %) and the large enterprises with more than 250 employees (95 %).

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    Paper provided by Institut für Mittelstandsforschung (IfM) Bonn in its series IfM-Materialien with number 212.

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    Date of creation: 2012
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:ifmmat:212

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    Keywords: Innovationsindikatoren; Forschung und Entwicklung (FuE); Patentanmeldungen; technologische Innovationen; nicht-technologische Innovationen; KMU; Deutschland; innovation indicators; R&D measurement; patent data; technological innovation; non-technological innovation; SME; Germany;

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    1. Rammer, Christian & Bethmann, Nicola, 2009. "Schwerpunktbericht zur Innovationserhebung 2008: Innovationspartnerschaften - Schutz und Verletzung von intellektuellem Eigentum," ZEW Dokumentationen 09-01, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    2. Andreas Stephan & Jan Weiss, 2010. "Regionale Innovationspolitik: Konzentration auf Hightech kann in die Irre führen," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 77(29), pages 8-11.
    3. Licht, Georg & Harhoff, Dietmar, 1993. "Das Mannheimer Innovationspanel," ZEW Discussion Papers 93-21, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    4. Spielkamp, Alfred & Rammer, Christian, 2006. "Balanceakt Innovation: Erfolgsfaktoren im Innovationsmanagement kleiner und mittlerer Unternehmen," ZEW Dokumentationen 06-04, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    5. Horst Penzkofer, 2005. "Anstieg der Industrieinnovationen setzte sich 2004 fort," Ifo Schnelldienst, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 58(05), pages 42-49, 03.
    6. Gottschalk, Sandra & Janz, Norbert & Peters, Bettina & Rammer, Christian & Schmidt, Tobias, 2002. "Innovationsverhalten der deutschen Wirtschaft: Hintergrundbericht zur Innovationserhebung 2001," ZEW Dokumentationen 02-03, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    7. Oliver Falck & Stefan Kipar & Pascal Paul, 2010. "Unternehmenskooperationen im Innovationsprozess: Erste deskriptive Befunde neuer Fragen im ifo Innovationstest," Ifo Schnelldienst, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 63(01), pages 23-27, 01.
    8. Nelson, Richard R. & Winter, Sidney G., 1993. "In search of useful theory of innovation," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 22(2), pages 108-108, April.
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