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Servicekooperativen: Ein Modell für die georgische Landwirtschaft?

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  • Pavliashvili, Johanna
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    Abstract

    Georgien ist eines der Kaukasusländer mit hohem landwirtschaftlichem Potenzial, das nicht voll ausgeschöpft wird, da sich die Bedingungen für die Landwirtschaft nach dem Zerfall der Sowjetunion stark verschlechterten. Aufgrund des Mangels an Zugang zu Betriebsmitteln, Krediten und Absatzmärkten sowie durch die hohe Fragmentierung der Anbauflächen ist die Produktivität der georgischen Landwirtschaft sehr niedrig. Durch die geringe Größe der Anbauflächen ergeben sich hohe Transaktionskosten bei der Vermarktung von Agrarprodukten, die jeder Landwirt einzeln auf lokalen Märkten verkauft. Eine geeignete Institution für die nachhaltige Entwicklung der Landwirtschaft sind Servicekooperativen, die in Georgien nur wenig verbreitet sind. Der vorliegende Beitrag untersucht die Einstellung von Landwirten zu Kooperativen anhand einer empirischen Studie (n=406) und zeigt Möglichkeiten für ihre Einrichtung auf. -- E N G L I S H V E R S I O N: Georgia is a country with high agricultural potential, which is not fully utilized due to the deterioration of conditions for agriculture after the breakdown of the Soviet Union. Because of insufficient access to input supply, credits and markets, the productivity of the Georgian agriculture is very low. The small agricultural land surfaces lead, moreover, to high transaction costs with regard to the marketing of agricultural products that each farmer sells individually on local markets. Service cooperatives have been identified as a suitable institution for sustainable agricultural development. Despite their advantages they are not widespread in Georgia. This article analyses on the basis of an empirical study (n=406) attitudes of Georgian farmers towards cooperatives and identifies prospects for their implementation.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Central and Eastern Europe (IAMO) in its series IAMO Discussion Papers with number 125.

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    Date of creation: 2009
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:iamodp:125

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    Keywords: Servicekooperativen; Georgien; Subsistenzlandwirtschaft; Service cooperatives; Georgia; subsistence farming;

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    1. Glenk, Klaus & Pavliashvili, Johanna & Profeta, Adriano, 2009. "Preferences for rural credit systems and their impact on the implementation of credit unions in Georgia," Journal of Rural Cooperation, Hebrew University, Center for Agricultural Economic Research, vol. 37(1).
    2. Gardner, Bruce L. & Lerman, Zvi, 2006. "Agricultural Cooperative Enterprise in the Transition from Socialist Collective Farming," Journal of Rural Cooperation, Hebrew University, Center for Agricultural Economic Research, vol. 34(1).
    3. Lerman, Zvi & et al, 2003. "Agricultural Output and Productivity in the Former Soviet Republics," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 51(4), pages 999-1018, July.
    4. Swinnen, Johan F. M. & Gow, Hamish R., 1999. "Agricultural credit problems and policies during the transition to a market economy in Central and Eastern Europe," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 24(1), pages 21-47, February.
    5. Mathijs, Erik & Swinnen, Johan F M, 1998. "The Economics of Agricultural Decollectivization in East Central Europe and the Former Soviet Union," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 47(1), pages 1-26, October.
    6. Liesbeth Dries & Thomas Reardon & Johan F. M. Swinnen, 2004. "The Rapid Rise of Supermarkets in Central and Eastern Europe: Implications for the Agrifood Sector and Rural Development," Development Policy Review, Overseas Development Institute, vol. 22, pages 525-556, 09.
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