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Zur Wirkung des EEG auf den "Strompreis"

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  • Bode, Sven
  • Groscurth, Helmuth-Michael
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    Abstract

    Anlagen zur Stromproduktion aus erneuerbaren Energien setzen sich zurzeit am Markt nicht durch, weil die Stromgestehungskosten höher sind als jene von konventionellen (thermischen) Kraftwerken. Da mit dieser Produktionsform aber verschiedene positive Eigenschaften verbunden sind, werden derartige Anlagen in Deutschland seit längerem staatlich gefördert, zurzeit über das Erneuerbare-Energie-Gesetz (EEG). Die Kosten dieser Förderung werden auf die Letztverbraucher von Strom umgelegt. Durch diese sog. EEG-Umlage steigen die Strombezugskosten der Unternehmen und ihre Wettbewerbsfähigkeit sinkt. Deshalb haben stromintensive Unternehmen regelmäßig gegen die Umlage protestiert und schließlich erwirkt, daß sie nur eine verminderte Umlage zahlen müssen. In der politischen Diskussion ist die mögliche Wirkung des EEG auf den Großhandelsstrompreis bisher allerdings nicht berücksichtigt worden. Vor diesem Hintergrund analysieren wir die Wirkungen des EEG auf den Strompreis in einem vollkommenen Markt. Wir zeigen, daß durch die Förderung der Stromproduktion aus erneuerbaren Energien der Großhandelspreis von Strom sinkt. In der Folge können - in Abhängigkeit der EEGStrommenge, der EEG-Umlage sowie der Modellannahmen - auch die Strombezugskosten der besonders stromintensiven Unternehmen, die unter die Härtefallregelung nach § 16 EEG fallen, sinken. --

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA) in its series HWWA Discussion Papers with number 348.

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    Date of creation: 2006
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:hwwadp:348

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    Keywords: Erneuerbare-Energien-Gesetz; EEG-Umlage;

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    Cited by:
    1. Fürsch, Michaela & Malischek, Raimund & Lindenberger, Dietmar, 2012. "Der Merit-Order-Effekt der erneuerbaren Energien - Analyse der kurzen und langen Frist," EWI Working Papers 2012-14, Energiewirtschaftliches Institut an der Universitaet zu Koeln.
    2. Madlener, Reinhard & Neustadt, Ilja & Zweifel, Peter, 2008. "Promoting Renewable Electricity Generation in Imperfect Markets: Price vs. Quantity Policies," FCN Working Papers 1/2008, E.ON Energy Research Center, Future Energy Consumer Needs and Behavior (FCN), revised May 2009.
    3. Keles, Dogan & Genoese, Massimo & Möst, Dominik & Ortlieb, Sebastian & Fichtner, Wolf, 2013. "A combined modeling approach for wind power feed-in and electricity spot prices," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 213-225.
    4. Wissen, Ralf & Nicolosi, Marco, 2007. "Anmerkungen zur aktuellen Diskussion zum Merit-Order Effekt der erneuerbaren Energien," EWI Working Papers 2007-3, Energiewirtschaftliches Institut an der Universitaet zu Koeln.
    5. Büsgen, Uwe & Dürrschmidt, Wolfhart, 2009. "The expansion of electricity generation from renewable energies in Germany: A review based on the Renewable Energy Sources Act Progress Report 2007 and the new German feed-in legislation," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(7), pages 2536-2545, July.
    6. Christoph Weber & Oliver Woll, 2007. "Merit-Order-Effekte Von Erneuerbaren Energien - Zu Schoen Um Wahr Zu Sein?," EWL Working Papers 0701, University of Duisburg-Essen, Chair for Management Science and Energy Economics, revised Sep 2007.
    7. Janina Ketterer, 2012. "The Impact of Wind Power Generation on the Electricity Price in Germany," Ifo Working Paper Series Ifo Working Paper No. 143, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich.
    8. Sensfuß, Frank & Ragwitz, Mario & Genoese, Massimo, 2007. "The merit-order effect: a detailed analysis of the price effect of renewable electricity generation on spot market prices in Germany," Working Papers "Sustainability and Innovation" S7/2007, Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research (ISI).
    9. Würzburg, Klaas & Labandeira, Xavier & Linares, Pedro, 2013. "Renewable generation and electricity prices: Taking stock and new evidence for Germany and Austria," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(S1), pages S159-S171.
    10. Sensfuß, Frank & Ragwitz, Mario & Genoese, Massimo, 2008. "The merit-order effect: A detailed analysis of the price effect of renewable electricity generation on spot market prices in Germany," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(8), pages 3076-3084, August.

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