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Der Merit-Order-Effekt der erneuerbaren Energien - Analyse der kurzen und langen Frist

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  • Fürsch, Michaela

    ()
    (Energiewirtschaftliches Institut an der Universitaet zu Koeln)

  • Malischek, Raimund

    ()
    (Energiewirtschaftliches Institut an der Universitaet zu Koeln)

  • Lindenberger, Dietmar

    ()
    (Energiewirtschaftliches Institut an der Universitaet zu Koeln)

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    Abstract

    Unter dem Merit-Order-E ekt (M-O-E) der erneuerbaren Energien (EE) wird deren preissenkende Wirkung auf die Strompreise auf Großhandelsebene (Börsenpreise) verstanden. Sowohl die Höhe des Merit-Order-E ffekts in der kurzen und der langen Frist als auch dessen volkswirtschaftliche Bedeutung ist umstritten. In diesem Artikel analysieren wir zunächst, durch welche Faktoren Preise ffekte erneuerbarer Energien in der kurzen Frist bestimmt werden, unter welchen Bedingungen Preiseff ekte in einem theoretischen langfristigen Gleichgewicht möglich sind und welche Preise ffekte in der Realität durch Unsicherheiten und dynamische Anpassungsprozesse entstehen. In einem zweiten Teil berechnen wir mit einem Optimierungsmodell des europäischen Strommarkts den M-O-E für Deutschland bis 2030. Hierbei berücksichtigen wir im Unterschied zu bestehenden Berechnungen zwei wichtige Determinanten des M-O-E endogen: Anpassungsprozesse des Kraftwerksparks sowie Stromaustauschmöglichkeiten mit dem europäischen Ausland.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Energiewirtschaftliches Institut an der Universitaet zu Koeln in its series EWI Working Papers with number 2012-14.

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    Length: 22 pages
    Date of creation: 26 Sep 2012
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:ris:ewikln:2012_014

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    Related research

    Keywords: Merit-Order-E ekt; Strommarktoptimierung; Erneuerbare Energien;

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    References

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    1. Wissen, Ralf & Nicolosi, Marco, 2007. "Anmerkungen zur aktuellen Diskussion zum Merit-Order Effekt der erneuerbaren Energien," EWI Working Papers 2007-3, Energiewirtschaftliches Institut an der Universitaet zu Koeln.
    2. Thure Traber & Claudia Kemfert & Jochen Diekmann, 2011. "Strompreise: künftig nur noch geringe Erhöhung durch erneuerbare Energien," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 78(6), pages 2-9.
    3. Thure Traber & Claudia Kemfert, 2009. "Gone with the Wind?: Electricity Market Prices and Incentives to Invest in Thermal Power Plants under Increasing Wind Energy Supply," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 852, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    4. Christoph Weber & Oliver Woll, 2007. "Merit-Order-Effekte Von Erneuerbaren Energien - Zu Schoen Um Wahr Zu Sein?," EWL Working Papers 0701, University of Duisburg-Essen, Chair for Management Science and Energy Economics, revised Sep 2007.
    5. Michaela Fursch & Dietmar Lindenberger & Raimund Malischek & Stephan Nagl & Timo Panke & Johannes Truby, 2012. "German Nuclear Policy Reconsidered: Implications for the Electricity Market," Economics of Energy & Environmental Policy, International Association for Energy Economics, vol. 0(Number 3).
    6. Weigt, Hannes, 2009. "Germany's wind energy: The potential for fossil capacity replacement and cost saving," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 86(10), pages 1857-1863, October.
    7. Bode, Sven & Groscurth, Helmuth-Michael, 2006. "Zur Wirkung des EEG auf den "Strompreis"," HWWA Discussion Papers 348, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA).
    8. Nagl, Stephan & Fürsch, Michaela & Paulus, Moritz & Richter, Jan & Trüby, Johannes & Lindenberger, Dietmar, 2011. "Energy policy scenarios to reach challenging climate protection targets in the German electricity sector until 2050," Utilities Policy, Elsevier, vol. 19(3), pages 185-192.
    9. Nagl, Stephan & Fürsch, Michaela & Lindenberger, Dietmar, 2012. "The costs of electricity systems with a high share of fluctuating renewables - a stochastic investment and dispatch optimization model for Europe," EWI Working Papers 2012-1, Energiewirtschaftliches Institut an der Universitaet zu Koeln.
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    Cited by:
    1. Strunz, Sebastian, 2014. "The German energy transition as a regime shift," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 100(C), pages 150-158.
    2. Würzburg, Klaas & Labandeira, Xavier & Linares, Pedro, 2013. "Renewable generation and electricity prices: Taking stock and new evidence for Germany and Austria," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(S1), pages S159-S171.
    3. Weigt, Hannes & Ellerman, Denny & Delarue, Erik, 2013. "CO2 abatement from renewables in the German electricity sector: Does a CO2 price help?," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(S1), pages S149-S158.

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