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On the Relevance of Open Market Operations

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  • Schabert, Andreas

Abstract

This paper reexamines the role of open market operations for short-run effects of monetary policy. Money demand is induced by a cash constraint, while the central bank supplies money exclusively in exchange for securities, discounted with a short-run nominal interest rate. We consider a legal restriction for open market operations by which only government bonds are eligible, whereas private debt is not accepted as collateral for money. Supply of eligible securities is bounded by assuming fiscal policy to ensure government solvency. The model provides an endogenous liquidity premium on noneligible assets and liquidity effects of money supply shocks regardless whether prices are flexible or set in a staggered way. Nominal interest rate policy is always associated with a uniquely determined price level and rational expectations equilibrium. It is further shown that an intuitive equivalence principle between money supply and interest rates arises in this case. --

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Paper provided by Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA) in its series HWWA Discussion Papers with number 257.

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Date of creation: 2004
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:hwwadp:26344

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Web page: http://www.econstor.eu/handle/10419/20
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Keywords: Inside Money; Liquidity Puzzle; Risk-free Rate Puzzle; Ricardian Fiscal Policy; Price Level and Equilibrium Determinacy;

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  1. Richard Clarida & Jordi Gali & Mark Gertler, 1999. "The Science of Monetary Policy: A New Keynesian Perspective," NBER Working Papers 7147, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  3. Calvo, Guillermo A., 1983. "Staggered prices in a utility-maximizing framework," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 12(3), pages 383-398, September.
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  5. Benhabib, J. & Schmitt-Grohe, S. & Uribe, M., 1999. "Avoiding Liquidity Traps," Working Papers, C.V. Starr Center for Applied Economics, New York University 99-21, C.V. Starr Center for Applied Economics, New York University.
  6. Phillippe Weil, 1997. "The Equity Premium Puzzle and the Risk-Free Rate Puzzle," Levine's Working Paper Archive 1833, David K. Levine.
  7. Dupor, Bill, 2001. "Ruling out pareto dominated monetary equilibria," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 25(12), pages 1899-1910, December.
  8. Bennett T. McCallum, 1986. "Some Issues Concerning Interest Rate Pegging, Price Level Determinacy, and the Real Bills Doctrine," NBER Working Papers 1294, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. Lawrence J. Christiano & Martin Eichenbaum & Charles L. Evans, 1996. "Sticky price and limited participation models of money: a comparison," Staff Report, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis 227, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
  10. Olivier Jeanne, 1997. "Generating Real Persistent Effects of Monetary Shocks: How Much Nominal Rigidity Do We Really Need?," NBER Working Papers 6258, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  11. Lucas, Robert Jr., 1990. "Liquidity and interest rates," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 50(2), pages 237-264, April.
  12. Fuerst, Timothy S., 1992. "Liquidity, loanable funds, and real activity," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 29(1), pages 3-24, February.
  13. Ireland, Peter N., 2003. "Endogenous money or sticky prices?," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 50(8), pages 1623-1648, November.
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  15. Sargent, Thomas J & Wallace, Neil, 1982. "The Real-Bills Doctrine versus the Quantity Theory: A Reconsideration," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 90(6), pages 1212-36, December.
  16. Michael Woodford, 2001. "The Taylor Rule and Optimal Monetary Policy," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 91(2), pages 232-237, May.
  17. Bennett T. McCallum, . "Role of the minimal state variable criterion in rational expectations models," GSIA Working Papers, Carnegie Mellon University, Tepper School of Business 1999-13, Carnegie Mellon University, Tepper School of Business.
  18. Eichenbaum, Martin, 1992. "'Interpreting the macroeconomic time series facts: The effects of monetary policy' : by Christopher Sims," European Economic Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 36(5), pages 1001-1011, June.
  19. Charles T. Carlstrom & Timothy S. Fuerst, 2003. "Money Growth Rules and Price Level Determinacy," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 6(2), pages 263-275, April.
  20. Fernando Alvarez & Andrew Atkeson & Patrick J. Kehoe, 2000. "Money, interest rates, and exchange rates with endogenously segmented markets," Staff Report, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis 278, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
  21. Amartya Lahiri & Carlos A. Vegh, 2003. "Delaying the Inevitable: Interest Rate Defense and Balance of Payments Crises," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 111(2), pages 404-424, April.
  22. Smith, Bruce D, 1988. "Legal Restrictions, "Sunspots," and Peel's Bank Act: The Real Bills Doctrine versus the Quantity Theory Reconsidered," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 96(1), pages 3-19, February.
  23. Sargent, Thomas J & Smith, Bruce D, 1987. "Irrelevance of Open Market Operations in Some Economies with Government Currency Being Dominated in Rate of Return," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 77(1), pages 78-92, March.
  24. Woodford, Michael, 1994. "Monetary Policy and Price Level Determinacy in a Cash-in-Advance Economy," Economic Theory, Springer, Springer, vol. 4(3), pages 345-80.
  25. Bansal, Ravi & Coleman, Wilbur John, II, 1996. "A Monetary Explanation of the Equity Premium, Term Premium, and Risk-Free Rate Puzzles," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 104(6), pages 1135-71, December.
  26. Wallace, Neil, 1981. "A Modigliani-Miller Theorem for Open-Market Operations," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 71(3), pages 267-74, June.
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