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Internationalisierung der Dienstleistungserstellung : Konsequenzen für den schweizerischen Arbeitsmarkt

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  • Henneberger, Fred
  • Ziegler, Alexandre
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    Abstract

    Dieser Beitrag untersucht die potentiellen Beschäftigungseffekte von Direktinvestitionen der Unternehmen des Dienstleistungssektors für die Schweiz. In einer theoretischen Perspektive werden zunächst die Konsequenzen der Besonderheiten von Dienstleistungsgütern gegenüber Industriegütern für die heimischen Beschäftigungseffekte analysiert. Hierbei zeigt sich, dass die bisherige Forschung wesentliche Determinanten systematisch ausklammert. Denn nicht allein der Grad der Handelbarkeit der Dienstleistungsgüter, sondern gleichfalls die Mobilität der Konsumenten und Produzenten sowie die den Auslandsinvestitionen zugrunde liegenden Motive sind zentral für die Eruierung der zu erwartenden Auswirkungen auf den inländischen Arbeitsmarkt. Eine erste empirische Überprüfung unseres Ansatzes bestätigt schließlich für die schweizerische Tourismusbranche die theoretisch vermuteten Zusammenhänge. -- This paper analyses the potential employment effects of foreign direct investment in the Swiss services industry. First, the theoretical analysis considers the consequences on domestic employment resulting from the specific characteristics of services compared with those of industrial goods. It is demonstrated that conventional research in this field systematically ignores important factors which influence domestic employment. We point out that, not only the degree of tradability of services, but also the mobility of consumers and producers, as well as the motives underlying the decisions for foreign investment have a crucial influence on the consequences to be expected for the domestic labour market. Second, an initial attempt was undertaken to empirically test our theoretical framework. It is shown for the Swiss tourism industry that the obtained results are to a high extent consistent with those predicted.

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    Paper provided by Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA) in its series HWWA Discussion Papers with number 149.

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    Date of creation: 2001
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:hwwadp:26248

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    Keywords: foreign direct investment; employment effects; services; tourism;

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    1. Bailey, P, 1979. "Employment effects of multinational enterprises: a survey of relevant studies relating to the Federal Republic of Germany," ILO Working Papers, International Labour Organization 185165, International Labour Organization.
    2. Robert E. Lipsey & Robert C. Feenstra & Carl H. Hahn & George N. Hatsopoulos, 1999. "The Role of Foreign Direct Investment in International Capital Flows," NBER Chapters, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, in: International Capital Flows, pages 307-362 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Palle S. Andersen & P. Hainaut, 1998. "Foreign direct investment and employment in the industrial countries," BIS Working Papers 61, Bank for International Settlements.
    4. Edward M. Graham & Paul Krugman, 1995. "Foreign Direct Investment in the United States, 3rd Edition," Peterson Institute Press: All Books, Peterson Institute for International Economics, Peterson Institute for International Economics, number 52, July.
    5. White, Halbert, 1980. "A Heteroskedasticity-Consistent Covariance Matrix Estimator and a Direct Test for Heteroskedasticity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 48(4), pages 817-38, May.
    6. Wacziarg, Romain & Alesina, Alberto, 1998. "Openness, Country Size and Government," Scholarly Articles 4553014, Harvard University Department of Economics.
    7. Bhagwati, Jagdish N, 1987. "Trade in Services and the Multilateral Trade Negotiations," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, World Bank Group, vol. 1(4), pages 549-69, September.
    8. Markus Wilhelm, 1996. "Neben dem Außenhandel haben die Direktinvestitionen als Internationalisierungsstrategie an Bedeutung gewonnen," Ifo Schnelldienst, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 49(7-8), pages 26-38, October.
    9. Spyros Arvanitis & Heinz Hollenstein & Marius Ley & Tobias Stucki, 2011. "Die Internationalisierung der Schweizer Wirtschaft," KOF Analysen, KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich, KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich, vol. 5(2), pages 51-62, June.
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