Budget Processes: Theory and Experimental Evidence
AbstractThis paper studies budget processes, both theoretically and experimentally. We give a sufficient condition for top-down and bottom-up budget processes to have the same voting equilibrium. Furthermore, at a voting equilibrium, it is not always true, as often presumed, that a top-down budget process leads to a smaller overall budget than does a bottom-up budget process. To test the implications for budget processes of voting equilibrium theory, we conduct a series of 128 voting experiments using subjects in a behavior laboratory. The experimental evidence from these experiments is well organized by voting equilibrium theory, both at the aggregate level and at the individual subject level. In particular, subjects display considerable evidence of rationality in their proposals and votes. More complete information and fewer spending categories lead to greater predictive success of voting equilibrium theory, and reduce the time needed to reach a budget decision.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Sonderforschungsbereich 504, Universität Mannheim & Sonderforschungsbereich 504, University of Mannheim in its series Sonderforschungsbereich 504 Publications with number 04-57.
Length: 25 pages
Date of creation: 03 Dec 2004
Date of revision:
Note: Financial support from the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, SFB 504, at the University of Mannheim, is gratefully acknowledged.
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Other versions of this item:
- Ehrhart, Karl-Martin & Gardner, Roy & von Hagen, Jurgen & Keser, Claudia, 2007. "Budget processes: Theory and experimental evidence," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, vol. 59(2), pages 279-295, May.
- Karl-Martin Ehrhart & Roy Gardner & Jürgen von Hagen & Claudia Keser, 1999. "Budget Processes: Theory and Experimental Evidence," CIRANO Working Papers 99s-33, CIRANO.
- Ehrhart, Karl-Martin & Gardner, Roy & Hagen, Jürgen von & Keser, Claudia, 2006. "Budget Processes: Theory and Experimental Evidence," Discussion Paper Series of SFB/TR 15 Governance and the Efficiency of Economic Systems 146, Free University of Berlin, Humboldt University of Berlin, University of Bonn, University of Mannheim, University of Munich.
- Ehrhart, Karl-Martin & Gardner, Roy J & Keser, Claudia & von Hagen, Jürgen, 2001. "Budget Processes: Theory and Experimental Evidence," CEPR Discussion Papers 2661, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
- Karl-Martin Ehrhart & Roy Gardner & Juergen von Hagen & Claudia Keser, 2006. "Budget Processes: Theory and Experimental Evidence," Caepr Working Papers 2006-009, Center for Applied Economics and Policy Research, Economics Department, Indiana University Bloomington.
- Ehrhart, Karl-Martin & Gardner, Roy & von Hagen, Jürgen & Keser, Claudia, 2000. "Budget processes: Theory and experimental evidence," ZEI Working Papers B 18-2000, ZEI - Center for European Integration Studies, University of Bonn.
- D71 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Social Choice; Clubs; Committees; Associations
- H61 - Public Economics - - National Budget, Deficit, and Debt - - - Budget; Budget Systems
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2004-12-12 (All new papers)
- NEP-EXP-2004-12-12 (Experimental Economics)
- NEP-POL-2004-12-12 (Positive Political Economics)
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