Gender And Public Spending On Education In Pakistan: A Case Study Of Disaggregated Benefit Incidence
AbstractTo what extent has government education spending in Pakistan been effective in reducing gender gaps in enrollments? To answer this question, this article reviews the benefit incidence of government education spending. It finds that government subsidies directed towards primary education are pro poor in all four provinces of Pakistan. Moreover, females has disadvantage in access to primary education. However, government subsidies directed towards higher education poorly targeted and poorest income group receives less than the riches income group and indeed favor those who are better off. Similarly, the gender disparity in access to public subsidy is higher at tertiary level and lowest at primary level, which also reflects poor targeting. Improving targeting to the poor as well as better female participation involves not simply rearranging the public subsidies, but also addressing the constraints that prevent the poor and females from accessing these services.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by EconWPA in its series Public Economics with number 0503005.
Length: 21 pages
Date of creation: 11 Mar 2005
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Gender; Public Expenditure on Education; Benefit Incidence;
Other versions of this item:
- Muhammad Sabir, 2002. "Gender and Public Spending on Education in Pakistan: A Case Study of Disaggregated Benefit Incidence," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 41(4), pages 477-493.
- D6 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics
- D7 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making
- H - Public Economics
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