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The Equilibrium Rate of Unemployment in Varying Micro- Institutional Settings

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  • Donatella Gatti

    (PSE & IZA)

Abstract

A major issue in the current economic debate is related to the striking difference betweenEurope, Japan and US concerning the level and evolution of unemployment. This paperexplores the micro determinants of these observed stylized facts. In a first part, atheoretical framework is presented allowing to address this comparative analysis. Thestarting point is the definition of different micro-institutional settings encompassing: (i) the structure of the firm; (ii) the system of education or vocational training; (iii) thenature of the labor market. In particular, the notion of mode of organization of the firmwill be defined. In a second part, a model is proposed which takes up a radicaleconomics perspective to analyze the choice made by firms about wage and effort, subject to their mode of organization. The main results point to the crucial role played by the mode of organization of the firm and the nature of workers' competence as key-determinants of the different observable levels of the unemployment rate across main developed countries. -- In den aktuellen wirtschaftswissenschaftlichen Diskussionen spielt der unübersehbare Unterschied zwischen Europa, Japan und den USA bei Höhe und Entwicklungsdynamikder Arbeitslosigkeit eine wichtige Rolle. In diesem Beitrag werden die Mikro-Determinanten der in wenige Kernaussagen und Eckdaten zusammengefaßten empirischen Beoabachtungen analysiert. Im ersten Teil wird der theoretische Rahmen dargelegt, in den die vergleichende Analyseeingebettet ist. Zu Beginn werden die genauen institutionellen Funktionsweisen bezogenauf Unternehmensstruktur, das System von Ausbildung und beruflicher Bildung und die Verfaßtheit des Arbeitsmarkts definiert. Dabei geht es vor allem darum, das dieser Studie zugrundeliegende Verständnis für die Spezifika der Verfaßtheit von Unternehmendarzulegen. Im zweiten Teil wird ein ökonometrisches Modell vorgeschlagen, das von dem Blickwinkel der „radical economics“ ausgeht. Mit ihm wird die Interdependenz anal

(This abstract was borrowed from another version of this item.)

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Paper provided by EconWPA in its series Macroeconomics with number 0507010.

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Date of creation: 08 Jul 2005
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Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpma:0507010

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  1. André Zylberberg & Anne Perrot, 1989. "Salaire d'efficience et dualisme du marché du travail," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 40(1), pages 5-20.
  2. Bowles, Samuel, 1985. "The Production Process in a Competitive Economy: Walrasian, Neo-Hobbesian, and Marxian Models," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 75(1), pages 16-36, March.
  3. Aoki, Masahiko, 1986. "Horizontal vs. Vertical Information Structure of the Firm," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 76(5), pages 971-83, December.
  4. D. Gatti, 1997. "Flexible Technology, Unemployment and Effort: The Role of the Organization of the Firm," Working Papers ir97004, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis.
  5. Lazonick, William & West, Jonathan, 1995. "Organizational Integration and Competitive Advantage: Explaining Strategy and Performance in American Industry," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 4(1), pages 229-70.
  6. Milgrom, Paul & Roberts, John, 1990. "The Economics of Modern Manufacturing: Technology, Strategy, and Organization," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 80(3), pages 511-28, June.
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