Multi-Fractal Spectral Analysis of the 1987 Stock Market Crash
AbstractThe multifractal model of asset returns captures the volatility persistence of many financial time series. Its multifractal spectrum computed from wavelet modulus maxima lines provides the spectrum of irregularities in the distribution of market returns over time and thereby of the kind of uncertainty or randomness in a particular market. Changes in this multifractal spectrum display distinctive patterns around substantial market crashes or drawdowns. In other words, the kinds of singularities and the kinds of irregularity change in a distinct fashion in the periods immediately preceding and following major market drawdowns. This paper focuses on these identifiable multifractal spectral patterns surrounding the stock market crash of 1987. Although we are not able to find a uniquely identifiable irregularity pattern within the same market preceding different crashes at different times, we do find the same uniquely identifiable pattern in various stock markets experiencing the same crash at the same time. Moreover, our results suggest that all such crashes are preceded by a gradual increase in the weighted average of the values of the Lipschitz regularity exponents, under low dispersion of the multifractal spectrum. At a crash, this weighted average irregularity value drops to a much lower value, while the dispersion of the spectrum of Lipschitz exponents jumps up to a much higher level after the crash. Our most striking result, therefore, is that the multifractal spectra of stock market returns are not stationary. Also, while the stock market returns show a global Hurst exponent of slight persistence 0.5
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Date of creation: 18 Sep 2004
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Note: Type of Document - pdf. Los, Cornelis A. and Yalamova, Rossitsa M., 'Multi-Fractal Spectral Analysis of the 1987 Stock Market Crash' (July 2004).
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Financial Markets; Persistence; Multi-Fractal Spectral Analysis; Wavelets;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- G13 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Contingent Pricing; Futures Pricing
- G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets
- C15 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Statistical Simulation Methods: General
- C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Longitudinal Data; Spatial Time Series
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2004-09-30 (All new papers)
- NEP-CMP-2004-09-30 (Computational Economics)
- NEP-FIN-2004-09-30 (Finance)
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