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Innovation systems in regions of Europe: A comparative perspective

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  • Franz Todtling

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Abstract

The understanding of the innovation process has changed considerably in the past years. Models have shifted from linear and firm based conceptions towards interdependent and systemic approaches. Both national and regional innovation systems have been discussed in recent literature. The present paper investigates on the basis of data for eight European regions, collected in the course of a European project, to which extent companies engage into networks in their innovation process. Also, the types of partners, their respective locations (regional, national, European) as well as differences between the regions are explored. First results show, that for many firms innovation is still a rather internal process. Reliance on internal competence, lack of trust to other firms and fear of losing economic benefits to others are among the reasons. Nevertheless, for another group of companies networks are much more relevant. They draw on ideas, know-how and complementary assets from customers, suppliers, consultants, universities, funding and training institutions. With regard to the spatial reach of networks, we find considerable differences between company types and regions, however.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by European Regional Science Association in its series ERSA conference papers with number ersa98p421.

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Date of creation: Aug 1998
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Handle: RePEc:wiw:wiwrsa:ersa98p421

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  1. Bjørn Asheim, . "Industrial Districts as 'learning regions'. A condition for prosperity," STEP Report series, The STEP Group, Studies in technology, innovation and economic policy 199503, The STEP Group, Studies in technology, innovation and economic policy.
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Cited by:
  1. Don J. Webber & Tony Gore, 2002. "Dematerializing Local Economies: A Case for ad hoc Governance," Local Economy, Taylor and Francis Journals, Taylor and Francis Journals, vol. 17(2), pages 96-110, May.
  2. Franz Tödtling & Michaela Trippl, 2009. "Innovation and Knowledge Links in Metropolitan Regions - The Case of Vienna," SRE-Disc, Institute for the Environment and Regional Development, Department of Socioeconomics, Vienna University of Economics and Business sre-disc-2009_02, Institute for the Environment and Regional Development, Department of Socioeconomics, Vienna University of Economics and Business.
  3. Röhl, Klaus-Heiner, 2000. "Die Eignung der sächsischen Agglomerationsräume als Innovations- und Wachstumspole für die wirtschaftliche Entwicklung des Landes," Discussion Papers, Dresden University of Technology, Faculty of Transportation and Traffic Sciences "Friedrich List", Institute for Transport and Economics 1/2000, Dresden University of Technology, Faculty of Transportation and Traffic Sciences "Friedrich List", Institute for Transport and Economics.
  4. María Dolores Leon Rodriguez & Ana María Fernandez Perez, 2008. "Las relaciones ciencia-tecnología en Andalucía. Un análisis a través de las citas científicas en las patentes andaluzas," Revista de Estudios Regionales, Universidades Públicas de Andalucía, Universidades Públicas de Andalucía, vol. 2, pages 159-184.
  5. Mikel Navarro & Juan José Gibaja & Ricardo Aguado & Beñat Bilbao-Osorio, . "Patterns of innovation in the EU-25 regions: a typology and policy recommendations," Working Papers, Basque Institute of Competitiveness 200804, Basque Institute of Competitiveness.

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