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Location, agglomeration and innovation: Towards regional innovation systems in Norway?

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This report is a slightly revised version of a paper presented at the Symposium of the Commission of the Organisation of Industrial Space, the 28th International Geographical Congress, The Hague, The Netherlands, August 5-10, 1996. A shortened version of the report will be published in European Planning Studies in 1997.The theoretical part of the report examines the concept of regional innovation systems on the background of modern theories of innovation. The view of interactive learning as a fundamental aspect of the innovation process provides the ground for an interactive innovation model, which is greatly facilitated by geographical proximity and territorial agglomeration. The empirical part of the report analyses geographical variations in innovation activity in Norwegian industry. In this part we also identify different types of industrial agglomerations in Norway, and tries to measure international competitiveness, job growth and innovative activity in these agglomerations compared with corresponding industrial sectors nationwide, and also examining more thoroughly innovation performance in two industrial agglomerations in Norway, Horten and Jæren. On the basis of the theoretical clarification and empirical analyses carried out, the article finally discuss how to design a regional innovation policy for three main area types in Norway.

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Paper provided by The STEP Group, Studies in technology, innovation and economic policy in its series STEP Report series with number 199613.

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Handle: RePEc:stp:stepre:1996r13

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  1. Storper, Michael, 1995. "Regional technology coalitions an essential dimension of national technology policy," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 24(6), pages 895-911, November.
  2. Archibugi, Daniele & Michie, Jonathan, 1995. "Technology and Innovation: An Introduction," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 19(1), pages 1-4, February.
  3. Keith Smith, . "New directions in research and technology policy: Identifying the key issues," STEP Report series 199401, The STEP Group, Studies in technology, innovation and economic policy.
  4. Bengt-ake Lundvall & Bjorn Johnson, 1994. "The Learning Economy," Industry and Innovation, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 1(2), pages 23-42.
  5. J Patchell, 1993. "From production systems to learning systems: lessons from Japan," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 25(6), pages 797-815, June.
  6. Zoltan Acs & David Audretsch, 1990. "Innovation and Small Firms," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262011131, December.
  7. Bessant, John & Rush, Howard, 1995. "Building bridges for innovation: the role of consultants in technology transfer," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 24(1), pages 97-114, January.
  8. Bjørn Asheim, . "Industrial Districts as 'learning regions'. A condition for prosperity," STEP Report series 199503, The STEP Group, Studies in technology, innovation and economic policy.
  9. Arne Isaksen, . "Mot en regional innovasjonspolitikk for Norge," STEP Report series 199504, The STEP Group, Studies in technology, innovation and economic policy.
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