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Demystifying the role of culture in innovative regional economies

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  • Al James
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    Abstract

    James A. (2005) Demystifying the role of culture in innovative regional economies, Regional Studies 39 , 1197-1216. Within the regional learning and innovation literature, the precise impact of regional 'culture' on firms' competitive performance remains unspecified. In response, this paper draws on research on Utah's high-tech industrial agglomeration, embedded in a highly visible regional culture: Mormonism. Focusing specifically on computer software firms, the paper first shows how the cultural embeddedness of firms in the region is best understood as a series of sustained tensions between: (1) self-identified regional cultural traits imported into the firm; versus (2) key elements of corporate cultures known to underpin innovation. Second, the paper measures the material impact of that regional cultural embedding on firms' innovative capacities and hence abilities to compete. Finally, it outlines the wider relevance of the author's work with regard to the spatial limits imposed on high-tech cluster policy by cultural context.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

    Volume (Year): 39 (2005)
    Issue (Month): 9 ()
    Pages: 1197-1216

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:39:y:2005:i:9:p:1197-1216

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    Related research

    Keywords: Regional culture; Embeddedness; Innovation; High-tech; Mormonism; Salt Lake City; Utah; Culture regionale; Ancrage; Innovation; Technopole; Mormonisme; Salt Lake City; Utah; Regionale Kultur; Eingebetttsein; Innovation; Hochtechnologie; Mormonentum; Salt Lake City; Utah; Cultura regional; Integracion; Innovacion; Alta tecnologia; Mormonismo; Salt Lake City; JEL classifications: L21; O31; P17; Z13;

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    References

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    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
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    1. Michael Kitson & Ron Martin & Peter Tyler, 2004. "Regional Competitiveness: An Elusive yet Key Concept?," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 38(9), pages 991-999.
    2. Swann, G. M. Peter & Prevezer, Martha & Stout, David (ed.), 1998. "The Dynamics of Industrial Clustering: International Comparisons in Computing and Biotechnology," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198289593, October.
    3. Scott, Allen J, 2000. "Economic Geography: The Great Half-Century," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 24(4), pages 483-504, July.
    4. Gertler, Meric S., 2004. "Manufacturing Culture: The Institutional Geography of Industrial Practice," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198233824, October.
    5. Ann Markusen, 1999. "Fuzzy Concepts, Scanty Evidence, Policy Distance: The Case for Rigour and Policy Relevance in Critical Regional Studies," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(9), pages 869-884.
    6. E Schoenberger, 1994. "Corporate strategy and corporate strategists: power, identity, and knowledge within the firm," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 26(3), pages 435-451, March.
    7. Roberta Capello, 1999. "Spatial Transfer of Knowledge in High Technology Milieux: Learning Versus Collective Learning Processes," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(4), pages 353-365.
    8. Bjørn Asheim, . "Industrial Districts as 'learning regions'. A condition for prosperity," STEP Report series 199503, The STEP Group, Studies in technology, innovation and economic policy.
    9. M Gray & E Parker, 1998. "Industrial change and regional development: the case of the US biotechnology and pharmaceutical industries," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 30(10), pages 1757-1774, October.
    10. Meric S. Gertler, 2003. "Tacit knowledge and the economic geography of context, or The undefinable tacitness of being (there)," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 3(1), pages 75-99, January.
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    Cited by:
    1. Anneli Kaasa & Maaja Vadi, 2008. "How Does Culture Contribute To Innovation? Evidence From European Countries," University of Tartu - Faculty of Economics and Business Administration Working Paper Series 63, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, University of Tartu (Estonia).
    2. Evers, Hans-Dieter, 2008. "Knowledge hubs and knowledge clusters: Designing a knowledge architecture for development," MPRA Paper 8778, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Evers, Hans-Dieter & Gerke, Solvay & Menkhoff, Thomas, 2010. "Knowledge Clusters and Knowledge Hubs: Designing Epistemic Landscapes for Development," MPRA Paper 33956, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 08 Oct 2011.

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