Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login to save this paper or follow this series

Do public transport improvements increase employment and income in a city?

Contents:

Author Info

  • Carlos Augusto Olarte Bacares

    ()

Abstract

Previous researches have proved the existence of a causal relationship between the concentration of jobs in a city and the income of inhabitants. Other researchers have studied the close and even nearly causal relationship between those variables and the degree of accessibility or of infrastructures like highways on different zones of a city. Nevertheless, no one research has taken into account the degree to which each area of a city benefits from the latest improvements of public transports. The aim of this research is to analyze the relationship between the size of labor market, the income and the employment concentration on different zones of a city with respect to the degree of improvements of public transports (Transmilenio) in a city of a developing country like Bogota. The degree of enhancements of public transports in a zone is suspected to be endogenous to those three variables. Through the use of OLS estimations and then 2SLS estimations for each dependent variable (3), the validation of endogeneity gives enough tools to infer a positive or a negative causality of improvements of public transports. The size of companies defined by the number of jobs they offer plays a role of instrumental variable to explain the degree of improvement of public transports on each zone. It suggests three different scenarios that depend on the size of companies established on each zone. In essence, the number of jobs, the size of the labor market and the income are largely defined by the level of improvements of urban public transports on each zone of the city and the causality relationship changes depending on the size of companies established on each zone. Results of this empirical research give some robust evidences. In the case of Bogotá, public transports improvements have a causality relationship on the income of inhabitants on each zone and on the number of jobs and it change with respect to the size of enterprises. In contrast, the size of labor market, defined as the number of reachable jobs on a specific time, is not a cause of the degree of the presence of public transports? enhancements.

Download Info

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
File URL: http://www-sre.wu.ac.at/ersa/ersaconfs/ersa13/ERSA2013_paper_01040.pdf
Download Restriction: no

Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by European Regional Science Association in its series ERSA conference papers with number ersa13p1040.

as in new window
Length:
Date of creation: Nov 2013
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:wiw:wiwrsa:ersa13p1040

Contact details of provider:
Postal: Welthandelsplatz 1, 1020 Vienna, Austria
Web page: http://www.ersa.org

Related research

Keywords: Improvements of public transports; Endogeneity; Causality; Effective size of labor market; Size of enterprises;

Find related papers by JEL classification:

References

References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
as in new window
  1. Mizuki Kawabata, 2003. "Job access and employment among low-skilled autoless workers in US metropolitan areas," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 35(9), pages 1651-1668, September.
  2. Attanasi, Giuseppe & Casoria, Fortuna & Centorrino, Samuele & Urso, Giulia, 2012. "Cultural investment, local development and instantaneous social capital: A case study of a gathering festival in the South of Italy," TSE Working Papers, Toulouse School of Economics (TSE) 12-291, Toulouse School of Economics (TSE).
  3. Gérard Koenig, 1974. "Théorie économique de l'accessibilité urbaine," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, Programme National Persée, vol. 25(2), pages 275-297.
  4. Paul Krugman, 1997. "Development, Geography, and Economic Theory," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 026261135x, December.
Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

Citations

Lists

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

Statistics

Access and download statistics

Corrections

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:wiw:wiwrsa:ersa13p1040. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Gunther Maier).

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.