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Dynamics of innovation in European regions

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  • Maria Manuela Natário

    ()

  • João Pedro Couto
  • Ascensão Maria Braga
  • Teresa Maria Tiago

Abstract

There is interest in both academic literature and regional governments about the innovativeness of regions and the drivers of that competitiveness, especially if considering the impact on economic development and social progress. Innovation is the base for the global competitiveness. Innovative capacity enables regions to increase their productivity and attract investments, thereby sustaining continuous progress in the quality and standard of living. This study aims to measure regions’ innovativeness in different European regions and to evaluate the nature of the innovation process and the relationship existing between its innovativeness’ and its region of origin. It proceeds from the assumption that the competitiveness of a region is reflected in its innovation capacity or innovation dynamic. The literature review regarding regions’ innovativeness produces some insights regarding to the effect of contextual elements on regions performance. Thus, the objective is to compare the European regions to verify the existence of subjacent clusters and find out the characteristics that distinguish the different group of regions. The innovative capacity is considered in terms of innovative output and several factors are analysed to identify and differentiate the dynamics of innovations of the regions. The results point to the existence of five groups of regions, and the factors identified are related to innovation process, namely forms of innovation, factors and objectives of innovation and with aspects related to the innovation framework such as tertiary education and life-long learning, business and public R&D expenses, and level of collaboration for innovating.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by European Regional Science Association in its series ERSA conference papers with number ersa11p466.

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Date of creation: Sep 2011
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Handle: RePEc:wiw:wiwrsa:ersa11p466

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  1. Todtling, Franz & Trippl, Michaela, 2005. "One size fits all?: Towards a differentiated regional innovation policy approach," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(8), pages 1203-1219, October.
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  12. Miotti, Luis & Sachwald, Frederique, 2003. "Co-operative R&D: why and with whom?: An integrated framework of analysis," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 32(8), pages 1481-1499, September.
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  14. Asheim, Bjorn T. & Coenen, Lars, 2005. "Knowledge bases and regional innovation systems: Comparing Nordic clusters," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(8), pages 1173-1190, October.
  15. Michaela Trippl, 2006. "Cross-Border Regional Innovation Systems," SRE-Disc sre-disc-2006_05, Institute for the Environment and Regional Development, Department of Socioeconomics, Vienna University of Economics and Business.
  16. Heike Belitz & Marius Clemens & Jens Schmidt-Ehmcke & Stephanie Schneider & Axel Werwatz, 2008. "Deficits in Education Endanger Germany's Innovative Capacity," Weekly Report, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 4(14), pages 86-93.
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