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Cooperative R&D and Firm Performance

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  • Belderbos,René
  • Carree,Martin
  • Lokshin,Boris

    (METEOR)

Abstract

We analyse the impact of R&D cooperation on firm performance differentiating between four types of R&D partners (competitors, suppliers, customers, and universities & research institutes), and considering two performance measures: labour productivity and productivity in innovative (new to the market) sales. Using data on a large sample of Dutch innovating firms in two waves of the Community Innovation Survey (1996, 1998), we examine the impact of R&D (collaboration) in 1996 on subsequent productivity growth in 1996-1998. We find that supplier and competitor cooperation have a significant impact on labour productivity growth, while competitor cooperation and collaboration with universities & research institutes positively affects growth in innovative sales per employee. Innovative sales are furthermore stimulated by incoming spillovers (not due to collaboration) from customers and universities. The results confirm a major heterogeneity in the rationales and goals of R&D cooperation, with competitor and supplier cooperation focused on incremental innovations improving the productivity performance of firms, while university cooperation and again competitor cooperation are instrumental in creating and bringing to market radical innovations generating sales or products that are novel to the market, improving the growth performance of firms.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Maastricht University, Maastricht Research School of Economics of Technology and Organization (METEOR) in its series Research Memorandum with number 022.

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Date of creation: 2004
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Handle: RePEc:unm:umamet:2004022

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Keywords: research and development ;

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  1. Kleinknecht, Alfred & Reijnen, Jeroen O. N., 1992. "Why do firms cooperate on R&D? an empirical study," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 21(4), pages 347-360, August.
  2. James D. Adams & Adam B. Jaffe, 1996. "Bounding the Effects of R&D: An Investigation Using Matched Establishment-Firm Data," NBER Working Papers 5544, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Monjon, Stephanie & Waelbroeck, Patrick, 2003. "Assessing spillovers from universities to firms: evidence from French firm-level data," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 21(9), pages 1255-1270, November.
  4. Hall, Bronwyn H. & Mairesse, Jacques, 1995. "Exploring the relationship between R&D and productivity in French manufacturing firms," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 65(1), pages 263-293, January.
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  13. AMIR, Rabah & EVSTIGNEEV, Igor & WOODERS, John, 2001. "Noncooperative versus cooperative R&D with endogenous spillover rates," CORE Discussion Papers, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE) 2001050, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  14. Lars-Hendrik Röller & Mikhel M. Tombak & Ralph Siebert, 1997. "Why Firms Form Research Joint Ventures: Theory and Evidence," CIG Working Papers, Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin (WZB), Research Unit: Competition and Innovation (CIG) FS IV 97-06, Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin (WZB), Research Unit: Competition and Innovation (CIG), revised Oct 1997.
  15. Ann E. Harrison & Brian J. Aitken, 1999. "Do Domestic Firms Benefit from Direct Foreign Investment? Evidence from Venezuela," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 89(3), pages 605-618, June.
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  17. Monjon, Stéphanie & Waelbroeck, Patrick, 2003. "Assessing spillovers from universities to firms: evidence from French firm-level data," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine, Paris Dauphine University 123456789/13785, Paris Dauphine University.
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