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Market Reforms and Growth in Post-socialist Economies: Evidence from Panel Cointegration and Equilibrium Correction Model

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  • Igor Pelipas

    ()

  • Alexander Chubrik

    ()

Abstract

In this paper the impact of market reforms on economic growth has been analyzed using the panel data for 26 post-socialist economies over the period between 1989 and 2005. Taking into account the dynamic properties of the data, the concepts of cointegration and equilibrium correction model for panel data has been used as the analytical framework. First, well-specified regression models have been obtained. Second, long and short run aspects of ‘reforms-growth’ relationship have been considered. Out analysis has detected the existence of cointegration between the level of ERBD reform index and the level of real GDP per capita. This is interpreted as the presence of the long run relationship between these indicators. Third, it has been found that there is a statistically significant positive influence of economic reforms on economic growth in the long run. In addition, market reforms positively influence economic growth in the short-run, but with a one-year lag. The equilibrium correction mechanism in corresponding regressions reflects existing biases of the analyzed indicators from the equilibrium trajectory, as well as direction and speed of adjustment to this trajectory. Our approach to modeling of the relationship between market reforms and economic growth explains a puzzle of high rates of economic growth in some countries with a relatively low level of ERBD reform index. Finally, in contrast to other studies employing a different methodology, statistically significant influence of economic growth on market reforms has been established both in the long and short run, our study shows that there is no such relationship.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan in its series William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series with number wp936.

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Length: pages
Date of creation: 01 Sep 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:wdi:papers:2008-936

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Keywords: post-socialist economies; market reforms; economic growth; panel cointegration; equilibrium correction model; EBRD transition indicators;

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References

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  1. Ian Babetskii & Nauro F. Campos, 2007. "Does Reform Work? An Econometric Examination of the Reform-Growth Puzzle," CERGE-EI Working Papers wp322, The Center for Economic Research and Graduate Education - Economic Institute, Prague.
  2. Yegor T. Gaidar, 2005. "Recovery Growth as a Stage of Post-Socialist Transition," CASE Network Studies and Analyses 0292, CASE-Center for Social and Economic Research.
  3. Stanley Fischer & Ratna Sahay & Carlos A. Vegh, 1996. "Stabilization and Growth in Transition Economies: The Early Experience," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 10(2), pages 45-66, Spring.
  4. Falcetti, Elisabetta & Lysenko, Tatiana & Sanfey, Peter, 2006. "Reforms and growth in transition: Re-examining the evidence," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(3), pages 421-445, September.
  5. Roxana Radulescu & David Barlow, 2002. "The relationship between policies and growth in transition countries," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 10(3), pages 719-745, November.
  6. Karsten Staehr, 2005. "Reforms and Economic Growth in Transition Economies: Complementarity, Sequencing and Speed," European Journal of Comparative Economics, Cattaneo University (LIUC), vol. 2(2), pages 177-202, December.
  7. Jakob de Haan & Susanna Lundstroem & Jan-Egbert Sturm, 2005. "Market oriented institutions and policies and economic growth: A critical survey," TWI Research Paper Series 5, Thurgauer Wirtschaftsinstitut, Universität Konstanz.
  8. Stanley Fischer & Ratna Sahay, 2000. "The Transition Economies After Ten Years," IMF Working Papers 00/30, International Monetary Fund.
  9. Oleh Havrylyshyn & Ron van Rooden, 2003. "Institutions Matter in Transition, But So Do Policies," Comparative Economic Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 45(1), pages 2-24, March.
  10. Karsten Staehr, 2006. "Linkages between Political and Economic Reforms in Post-Communist Countries," Nordic Journal of Political Economy, Nordic Journal of Political Economy, vol. 32, pages 113-138.
  11. Oleh Havrylyshyn, 2001. "Recovery and Growth in Transition: A Decade of Evidence," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 48(4), pages 4.
  12. Stanley Fischer & Carlos A. Végh Gramont & Ratna Sahay, 1996. "Stabilization and Growth in Transition Economies," IMF Working Papers 96/31, International Monetary Fund.
  13. Berta Heybey & Peter Murrell, 1999. "The relationship between economic growth and the speed of liberalization during transition," Journal of Economic Policy Reform, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 3(2), pages 121-137.
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Cited by:
  1. Jan Babecky & Tomas Havranek, 2013. "Structural Reforms and Growth in Transition: A Meta-Analysis," Working Papers IES 2013/14, Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute of Economic Studies, revised Oct 2013.
  2. Jan Babecky & Tomas Havranek, 2014. "Structural reforms and growth in transition," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 22(1), pages 13-42, 01.
  3. Jan Babecky & Tomas Havranek, 2013. "Structural Reforms and Economic Growth: A Meta-Analysis," Working Papers 2013/08, Czech National Bank, Research Department.

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