Determinants of Employment Growth at MNEs: Evidence from Egypt, India, South Africa and Vietnam
AbstractForeign investors are expected to contribute to economic development through a variety of channels. However, many foreign investment operations are small, and almost insignificant in their impact on the local environment. An important indication of the potential contribution of foreign investors is thus their employment growth. Employees working for, and trained by, a multinational enterprise may become carriers of new technology and business practices. The more employees receive access to new knowledge, the more they in turn may spread the knowledge across the economy, for instance by setting up their own businesses. In this paper, we make a first step in investigating the determinants of this important mediating variable, employment growth. For a dataset covering four diverse emerging economies, we find that wholly-owned FDI operations have higher employment growth, while local industry characteristics moderate the growth effect.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan in its series William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series with number 2004-707.
Length: 24 pages
Date of creation: 01 Jul 2004
Date of revision:
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MNE; employment growth; control; institutions; FDI policy;
Other versions of this item:
- Sumon Kumar Bhaumik & Saul Estrin & Klaus E Meyer, 2007. "Determinants of Employment Growth at MNEs: Evidence from Egypt, India, South Africa and Vietnam," Comparative Economic Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 49(1), pages 61-80, March.
- Bhaumik, Sumon K. & Estrin, Saul & Meyer, Klaus, 2004. "Determinants of Employment Growth at MNEs: Evidence from Egypt, India, South Africa and Vietnam," IZA Discussion Papers 1272, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- O13 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products
- O33 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
- J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
- F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-AFR-2005-03-20 (Africa)
- NEP-ALL-2005-03-20 (All new papers)
- NEP-DEV-2005-03-20 (Development)
- NEP-LAB-2005-03-20 (Labour Economics)
- NEP-SEA-2005-03-20 (South East Asia)
- NEP-TRA-2005-03-20 (Transition Economics)
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