Excess liquidity and monetary overhangs
AbstractThe term"excess liquidity"may refer to the share of liquid assets in bank portfolios (the result of a retrenchment in bank lending, or a"credit crunch") or to money holdings of the nonbank public. Excess liquidity may be voluntary or nonvoluntary. In response to excess liquidity, policymakers tend to take steps to drain off the excess so it will not lead to a surge in inflation. In this paper, the authors examine the appropriateness of conventional policy instruments for tightening money in two common cases: 1) when there is a voluntary credit crunch because of a rise in perceived risk of default, and 2) when individuals rationed in the goods market in reforming socialist economies accumulate savings involuntarily ("money overhang"). The authors conclude that neither excess liquidity in the banking systems of the developing world nor the money overhang of the reforming planned economies calls for a response of restrictive monetary policy. A more appropriate policy might be a prudent but not overly restrictive monetary policy and reservation of some part of credit for the emerging private sector.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 796.
Date of creation: 31 Oct 1991
Date of revision:
Economic Theory&Research; Environmental Economics&Policies; Banks&Banking Reform; Financial Intermediation; Fiscal&Monetary Policy;
Other versions of this item:
- C72 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory - - - Noncooperative Games
- D82 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Asymmetric and Private Information; Mechanism Design
- L14 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Transactional Relationships; Contracts and Reputation
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