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Macroeconomic structure and policy in Zimbabwe, analysis and empirical model : 1965-1988

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  • Elbadawi, Ibrahim A.
  • Schmidt-Hebbel, Klaus

Abstract

The authors develop and apply a macroeconomic general equilibrium model for Zimbabwe. The country faces the challenge of engaging in a program of fiscal stabilization and structural reform to address its current fiscal imbalance, high unemployment, and low growth prospects. The authors discuss macroeconomic changes over the last two decades, provide a model of the macroeconomic structure, and estimate aggregate equations for the main goods and asset markets. The macroeconomic framework they model integrates three features of the country's macroeconomy: (a) the noninflationary and almost exclusively domestic financing of the public sector deficit, which has been similar in gross terms to the private sector surplus; (b) sustained negative or low real interest rates, together with no apparent sign of excess demand in credit markets; and (c) the fact that sustained, high growth has never materialized after the dramatic economic declines of the late 1970s that resulted from economic sanctions and civil war.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 771.

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Date of creation: 30 Sep 1991
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Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:771

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Related research

Keywords: Economic Theory&Research; Environmental Economics&Policies; Economic Stabilization; Macroeconomic Management; Financial Intermediation;

References

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  1. Corbo, Vittorio & Schmidt-Hebbel, Klaus, 1991. "Public policies and saving in developing countries," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(1), pages 89-115, July.
  2. J. A. Hausman, 1976. "Specification Tests in Econometrics," Working papers 185, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
  3. Perron, P., 1986. "Trends and Random Walks in Macroeconomic Time Series: Further Evidence From a New Approach," Cahiers de recherche 8650, Universite de Montreal, Departement de sciences economiques.
  4. Domowitz, Ian & Elbadawi, Ibrahim, 1987. "An error-correction approach to money demand : The case of Sudan," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 26(2), pages 257-275, August.
  5. Cuddington, John T. & Urzua, Carlos M., 1989. "Trends and cycles in Colombia's real GDP and fiscal deficit," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 30(2), pages 325-343, April.
  6. Dailami, Mansoor & Walton, Michael, 1989. "Private investment, government policy, and foreign capital in Zimbabwe," Policy Research Working Paper Series 248, The World Bank.
  7. Giovannini, Alberto, 1985. "Saving and the real interest rate in LDCs," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 18(2-3), pages 197-217, August.
  8. Ian Domowitz & Craig S. Hakkio, 1986. "Error correction, forward-looking behavior, and dynamic international money demand," Research Working Paper 86-01, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City.
  9. Nelson, Charles R. & Plosser, Charles I., 1982. "Trends and random walks in macroeconmic time series : Some evidence and implications," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 10(2), pages 139-162.
  10. Francis X. Diebold & Marc Nerlove, 1988. "Unit roots in economic time series: a selective survey," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 49, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
  11. Engle, Robert F & Granger, Clive W J, 1987. "Co-integration and Error Correction: Representation, Estimation, and Testing," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 55(2), pages 251-76, March.
  12. Granger, C. W. J. & Newbold, P., 1974. "Spurious regressions in econometrics," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 2(2), pages 111-120, July.
  13. Khadr, Ali & Schmidt-Hebbel, Klaus, 1989. "A framework for macroeconomic consistency for Zimbabwe," Policy Research Working Paper Series 310, The World Bank.
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