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Unilateral facilitation does not raise international labor migration from the Philippines

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  • Beam, Emily
  • McKenzie, David
  • Yang, Dean

Abstract

Significant income gains from migrating from poorer to richer countries have motivated unilateral (source-country) policies facilitating labor emigration. However, their effectiveness is unknown. The authors conducted a large-scale randomized experiment in the Philippines testing the impact of unilaterally facilitating international labor migration. The most intensive treatment doubled the rate of job offers but had no identifiable effect on international labor migration. Even the highest overseas job-search rate that was induced (22 percent) falls far short of the share initially expressing interest in migrating (34 percent). The paper concludes that unilateral migration facilitation will at most induce a trickle, not a flood, of additional emigration.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 6689.

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Date of creation: 01 Nov 2013
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Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:6689

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Keywords: Population Policies; Labor Markets; Labor Policies; Access to Finance; Voluntary and Involuntary Resettlement;

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References

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  1. Bryan, Gharad & Chowdhury, Shyamal & Mobarak, Ahmed Mushfiq, 2012. "Seasonal Migration and Risk Aversion," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 8739, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. Ortega, Javier, 2000. "Pareto-Improving Immigration in an Economy with Equilibrium Unemployment," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, Royal Economic Society, vol. 110(460), pages 92-112, January.
  3. McKenzie, David & Gibson, John & Stillman, Steven, 2006. "How Important Is Selection? Experimental vs. Non-Experimental Measures of the Income Gains from Migration," IZA Discussion Papers 2087, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. McKenzie, David & Gibson, John & Stillman, Steven, 2013. "A land of milk and honey with streets paved with gold: Do emigrants have over-optimistic expectations about incomes abroad?," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 102(C), pages 116-127.
  5. David Mckenzie & Hillel Rapoport, 2004. "Network Effects and the Dynamics of Migration and Inequality: Theory and Evidence from Mexico," Working Papers, Bar-Ilan University, Department of Economics 2004-3, Bar-Ilan University, Department of Economics.
  6. Dean Yang, 2004. "Why Do Migrants Return to Poor Countries? Evidence from Philippine Migrants’ Responses to Exchange Rate Shocks," Working Papers, Research Seminar in International Economics, University of Michigan 513, Research Seminar in International Economics, University of Michigan.
  7. Orley C. Ashenfelter, 2012. "Comparing Real Wages," NBER Working Papers 18006, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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Cited by:
  1. Batista, Catia & Narciso, Gaia, 2013. "Migrant Remittances and Information Flows: Evidence from a Field Experiment," IZA Discussion Papers 7839, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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