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Pensions systems and reform : country experiences and research issues

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Author Info

  • Arrau, Patricio
  • Schmidt-Hebbel, Klaus

Abstract

Pension reform is spreading around the globe, from Latin America to the OECD countries, and major reform projects are being discussed in many other developing, transition, and OECD countries. The authors survey current research issues and country experiences related to old-age social security arrangements by introducing the papers selected for a special June 1994 issue of the Revista de Analisis Economico and presented at the July 1994 Conference on Pension Systems and Reforms sponsored by Fundacao Getulio Vargas. They also present 15 research and policy design issues not addressed by the literature, including macroeconomic effects, conditions of political economy, government's role in easing or reducing old-age poverty, and design features of fully funded pension systems.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 1470.

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Date of creation: 30 Jun 1995
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Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:1470

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Related research

Keywords: Payment Systems&Infrastructure; Pensions&Retirement Systems; Banks&Banking Reform; Environmental Economics&Policies; Labor Policies; Environmental Economics&Policies; Banks&Banking Reform; Economic Stabilization; Economic Theory&Research; Pensions&Retirement Systems;

References

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  1. Gert Wagner, . "La Seguridad Social y el Programa de Pensión Mínima Garantizada," Documentos de Trabajo, Instituto de Economia. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile. 133, Instituto de Economia. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile..
  2. Friedrich Breyer & David Wildasin, 1993. "Steady-state welfare effects of social security in a large open economy," Journal of Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 7(1), pages 43-49, December.
  3. Walter Enders & Harvey Lapan, 1993. "A model of first and second-best social security programs," Journal of Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 7(1), pages 65-90, December.
  4. Paul A. Samuelson, 1958. "An Exact Consumption-Loan Model of Interest with or without the Social Contrivance of Money," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 66, pages 467.
  5. Alan J. Auerbach & Laurence J. Kotlikoff & Jonathan Skinner, 1981. "The Efficiency Gains from Dynamic Tax Reform," NBER Working Papers 0819, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Alan J. Auerbach & Jagadeesh Gokhale & Laurence J. Kotlikoff, 1994. "Generational Accounting: A Meaningful Way to Evaluate Fiscal Policy," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 8(1), pages 73-94, Winter.
  7. Olivia S. Mitchell & Ping Lung Hsin, 1994. "Public Sector Pension Governance and Performance," NBER Working Papers 4632, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Stefan Homburg & Wolfram Richter, 1993. "Harmonizing public debt and public pension schemes in the European community," Journal of Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 58(1), pages 51-63, December.
  9. Jenkins, Glenn P, 1992. "Privatization and Pension Reform in Transition Economies," Public Finance = Finances publiques, , , vol. 47(Supplemen), pages 141-51.
  10. Bernhard Felderer, 1993. "New issues in public pension economics," Journal of Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 58(1), pages 1-15, December.
  11. Franco, D. & Gokhale, J. & Guiso, L. & Kotlikoff, L.J. & Sartor, N., 1992. "Generational Accounting : The Case of Italy," Papers, Banca Italia - Servizio di Studi 171, Banca Italia - Servizio di Studi.
  12. Faro, Clovis de & Carvalho, Jose L. (Jose Luiz), 1994. "From the Brazilian pay as you go pension system to capitalization: bailing out the government," Economics Working Papers (Ensaios Economicos da EPGE) 229, FGV/EPGE Escola Brasileira de Economia e Finanças, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil).
  13. Saint-Paul, Gilles, 1992. "Fiscal Policy in an Endogenous Growth Model," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 107(4), pages 1243-59, November.
  14. Wolfram Richter, 1993. "Intergenerational risk sharing and social security in an economy with land," Journal of Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 58(1), pages 91-103, December.
  15. Valdes-Prieto, Salvador & DEC, 1994. "Earnings-related mandatory pensions : concepts for design," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1296, The World Bank.
  16. Auerbach, A.J. & Gokhale, J. & Kotlikoff, L.J. & Steigum, E.Jr., 1993. "Generational Accounting in Norway: Is Norway Overconsuming its Petroleum Wealth?," Papers, Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration- 06-93, Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration-.
  17. Bernhard Felderer, 1993. "New issues in public pension economics," Journal of Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 7(1), pages 1-15, December.
  18. Ping-Lung Hsin & Olivia S. Mitchell, . "The Political Economy of Public Pensions: Pension Funding, Governance, and Fiscal Stress," Pension Research Council Working Papers, Wharton School Pension Research Council, University of Pennsylvania 94-6, Wharton School Pension Research Council, University of Pennsylvania.
  19. Homburg, Stefan, 2014. "The Efficiency of Unfunded Pension Schemes," Hannover Economic Papers (HEP), Leibniz Universität Hannover, Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät dp-523, Leibniz Universität Hannover, Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät.
  20. Olivia S. Mitchell & Ping-Lung Hsin, . "Public Pension Governance and Performance," Pension Research Council Working Papers, Wharton School Pension Research Council, University of Pennsylvania 94-1, Wharton School Pension Research Council, University of Pennsylvania.
  21. Salvador Valdés & Peter Diamond, . "Social Security Reforms in Chile," Documentos de Trabajo, Instituto de Economia. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile. 161, Instituto de Economia. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile..
  22. Wolfram Richter, 1993. "Intergenerational risk sharing and social security in an economy with land," Journal of Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 7(1), pages 91-103, December.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Wolfgang Rieke & Herbert Giersch & Wolf Schäfer & Helmut Reisen & Thomas Mayer & Wolfgang Franz & Michael Stolpe & Shigeto Tsuru & Asim Erdilek & Uwe Siegmund, 1995. "Book reviews," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, Springer, vol. 131(3), pages 594-617, September.
  2. Vittas, Dimitri, 1995. "Sequencing social security, pension, and insurance reform," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1551, The World Bank.
  3. Vittas, Dimitri, 1998. "Regulatory controversies of private pension funds," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1893, The World Bank.
  4. Serrano, Carlos, 1999. "Social security reform, income disribution, fiscal policy, and capital accumulation," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2055, The World Bank.
  5. Whitehouse, Edward, 2000. "Administrative charges for funded pensions: An international comparison and assessment," MPRA Paper 14172, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  6. Vittas, Dimitri, 1997. "The Argentine pension reform and its relevance for Eastern Europe," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1819, The World Bank.
  7. Whitehouse, Edward, 2000. "Paying for pensions: An international comparison of administrative charges in funded retirement-income systems," MPRA Paper 14171, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  8. Liina Kulu & Janno Reiljan, 2004. "Old-Age Pension Reform In Estonia On The Basis Of The World Bank’S Multi-Pillar Approach," University of Tartu - Faculty of Economics and Business Administration Working Paper Series, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, University of Tartu (Estonia) 34, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, University of Tartu (Estonia).
  9. Polackova, Hana, 1997. "Population aging and financing of government liabilities in New Zealand," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1703, The World Bank.

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