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Privatization And Pension Reform In Transition Economies

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Author Info

  • Glenn Jenkins

    ()
    (Queen's University, Kingston, On, Canada)

Abstract

Given the beleaguered state of public social security systems in the former socialist countries of Eastern Europe, especially their massive and growing pension liabilities, some form of funded private pension scheme should be considered. Nominally high payroll taxes which cannot be collected under weak revenue systems jeopardize any publicly-funded safety net pensioners. On the other hand, if these taxes are collected, they may raise wage costs to a level which discourages the growth of the private sector. Some portion of the assets of state enterprises to be privatized should be used to partially offset state’ pension liabilities. Professionally-managed private pension plans, initially funded by newly privatized assets, could assist in the transition to market economies by contributing to the development of capital markets in these countries. Furthermore, linking the process of privatization with the creation and funding of private pension funds would create dispersed private ownership, and substantially alleviate the problem of selling or distributing hard-to-value-state assets.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by JDI Executive Programs in its series Development Discussion Papers with number 1992-03.

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Length: 20 pages
Date of creation: Sep 1991
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:qed:dpaper:100

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Keywords: Pension Reform; Privatization; Transition Economies;

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References

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  1. George Kopits, 1991. "Fiscal Reform in European Economies in Transition," IMF Working Papers 91/43, International Monetary Fund.
  2. Carroll, Chris & Summers, Lawrence H., 1987. "Why have private savings rates in the United States and Canada diverged?," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 20(2), pages 249-279, September.
  3. G. A. Mackenzie, 1988. "Social Security Issues in Developing Countries: The Latin American Experience," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 35(3), pages 496-522, September.
  4. Milanovic, Branko, 1990. "Poverty in Poland, Hungary, and Yugoslavia in the years of crisis, 1978-87," Policy Research Working Paper Series 507, The World Bank.
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Cited by:
  1. Prof. Dr. Robert Holzmann, 1994. "Funded and Private Pensions for Eastern European Countries in Transition?," Public Economics 9405004, EconWPA.

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