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Do Public Colleges in Developing Countries Provide Better Education than Private ones? Evidence from General Education Sector in India

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  • Sheetal Sekhri

    ()

  • Yona Rubinstein

    ()

Abstract

College educational outcomes of students graduating from public colleges in many developing countries are better than those graduating from private colleges. This is attributed to better quality of education provided. However, public colleges are subsidized suggesting that the observed gap might reflect pre-determined differences among students sorting into public colleges. We evaluate the impact of public colleges using a unique dataset that links admission records to college educational outcomes in India. We exploit the features of admission rules in a Regression-Discontinuity-Design, and find that the public colleges have no added value in the neighborhood of the admission cutoff scores. Controlling for entry scores, we find no differences between the exit exam outcomes of students graduating from public and private colleges..

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Paper provided by University of Virginia, Department of Economics in its series Virginia Economics Online Papers with number 375.

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Length: 60 pages
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Handle: RePEc:vir:virpap:375

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Web page: http://www.virginia.edu/economics/home.html

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  1. Imbens, Guido W. & Lemieux, Thomas, 2008. "Regression discontinuity designs: A guide to practice," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 142(2), pages 615-635, February.
  2. Guido Imbens & Karthik Kalyanaraman, 2010. "Optimal bandwidth choice for the regression discontinuity estimator," CeMMAP working papers, Centre for Microdata Methods and Practice, Institute for Fiscal Studies CWP05/10, Centre for Microdata Methods and Practice, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
  3. Lee, David S., 2008. "Randomized experiments from non-random selection in U.S. House elections," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 142(2), pages 675-697, February.
  4. Epple, Dennis & Romano, Richard E, 1998. "Competition between Private and Public Schools, Vouchers, and Peer-Group Effects," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 88(1), pages 33-62, March.
  5. Duflo, Esther & Dupas, Pascaline & Kremer, Michael, 2008. "Peer Effects and the Impact of Tracking: Evidence from a Randomized Evaluation in Kenya," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 7043, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  6. Yona Rubinstein & Sheetal Sekhri, 2011. "Do Public Colleges in Developing Countries Provide Better Education than Private ones? Evidence from General Education Sector in India," CEE Discussion Papers, Centre for the Economics of Education, LSE 0130, Centre for the Economics of Education, LSE.
  7. Pawan Agarwal, 2006. "Higher Education in India: The Need for Change," Working Papers id:576, eSocialSciences.
  8. MacLeod, Bentley, 2009. "Anti-Lemons: School Reputation and Educational Quality," Department of Economics, Working Paper Series, Department of Economics, Institute for Business and Economic Research, UC Berkeley qt3rc708kd, Department of Economics, Institute for Business and Economic Research, UC Berkeley.
  9. Nazmul Chaudhury & Jeffrey Hammer & Michael Kremer & Karthik Muralidharan & F. Halsey Rogers, 2006. "Missing in Action: Teacher and Health Worker Absence in Developing Countries," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 20(1), pages 91-116, Winter.
  10. McCrary, Justin, 2008. "Manipulation of the running variable in the regression discontinuity design: A density test," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 142(2), pages 698-714, February.
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Cited by:
  1. Yona Rubinstein & Sheetal Sekhri, 2011. "Do Public Colleges in Developing Countries Provide Better Education than Private ones? Evidence from General Education Sector in India," CEE Discussion Papers, Centre for the Economics of Education, LSE 0130, Centre for the Economics of Education, LSE.
  2. Adrienne M. Lucas & Isaac M. Mbiti, 2014. "Effects of School Quality on Student Achievement: Discontinuity Evidence from Kenya," American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 6(3), pages 234-63, July.
  3. Binelli, Chiara & Rubio-Codina, Marta, 2013. "The Returns to Private Education: Evidence from Mexico," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 198-215.
  4. Katja Maria Kaufmann & Matthias Messner & Alex Solis, 2013. "Returns to Elite Higher Education in the Marriage Market: Evidence from Chile," Working Papers, IGIER (Innocenzo Gasparini Institute for Economic Research), Bocconi University 489, IGIER (Innocenzo Gasparini Institute for Economic Research), Bocconi University.
  5. Cristian Pop-Eleches & Miguel Urquiola, 2013. "Going to a Better School: Effects and Behavioral Responses," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 103(4), pages 1289-1324, June.
  6. MacLeod, W. Bentley & Urquiola, Miguel, 2012. "Competition and Educational Productivity: Incentives Writ Large," IZA Discussion Papers 7063, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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