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Gender differences in Italian children’s capabilities

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  • Addabbo Tindara

    ()

  • Di Tommao Maria Laura

    ()

  • Maccagnan Anna

    ()
    (University of Turin)

Abstract

Child well-being is analysed in this paper using the capability approach with a special focus on gender differences. The capabilities analysed are senses imagination and thought and play. These are crucial dimensions in the definition of child well-being and the country analysed performs particularly badly, with regards other industrialized countries. We estimate a Structural Equation Model (SEM) where the two capabilities are defined as latent variables which are intrinsically interrelated. For each of these capabilities, a set of indicators of functionings is utilised. The model is applied to Italian data for 2008. The results imply strong gender differences among Italian children. In particular, highly educated parents invest more in girls' capability of senses imagination and thought than in the boys' capability. On the other hand highly educated parents invest more on their children's play activities the effect being similar for boys and girls. Assuming parents education as a proxy for family income, this confirms the well-known result of higher income elasticities for girls' education (measured here with the capability of senses imagination and thought) with respect to boys education

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Turin in its series Department of Economics and Statistics Cognetti de Martiis. Working Papers with number 201108.

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Length: 34 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:uto:dipeco:201108

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  1. Nabanita Datta Gupta & Marianne Simonsen, 2010. "Effects of Universal Child Care Participation on Pre-teen Skills and Risky Behaviors," Economics Working Papers 2010-07, School of Economics and Management, University of Aarhus.
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  11. Maria L. Di Tommaso & Martin Raiser & Melvyn Weeks, 2007. "Home Grown or Imported? Initial Conditions, External Anchors and the Determinants of Institutional Reform in the Transition Economies," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 117(520), pages 858-881, 04.
  12. Nancy Folbre & Michele Pujol, 1996. "Introduction," Feminist Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 2(3), pages 121-121.
  13. Raquel Bernal, 2008. "The Effect Of Maternal Employment And Child Care On Children'S Cognitive Development," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 49(4), pages 1173-1209, November.
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