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Un doppio svantaggio? Differenziali salariali sulla base del genere e dell'etnia

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  • Piazzalunga Daniela

    ()
    (University of Turin)

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    Abstract

    Negli anni più recenti la dimensione femminile delle migrazioni per lavoro ha assunto un peso importante a livello internazionale e in Italia. Questo articolo esamina l’inserimento lavorativo delle donne immigrate in Italia attraverso lo studio dei differenziali salariali di genere (rispetto agli uomini immigrati) ed etnici (rispetto alle donne italiane). Si individuano e si confrontano le determinanti del salario per uomini e donne immigrati e per donne italiane e immigrate. Successivamente si stima, attraverso la scomposizione di Oaxaca, la parte di differenziale che può essere considerata discriminazione: il differenziale salariale di genere è relativamente ridotto (7.42%), ma è totalmente non spiegato; al contrario, il differenziale salariale etnico tra le donne è più ampio (27.11%), ma è spiegato per circa il 30%. Si valuta, infine, l’esistenza di discriminazione multipla (dovuta al fatto di essere donna e straniera contemporaneamente), che si cerca di misurare, seguendo la scomposizione suggerita da Shamsuddin nel 1998, attraverso la stima del doppio svantaggio, stimato nel 56-62% se si controlla per le occupazioni

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by University of Turin in its series Department of Economics and Statistics Cognetti de Martiis. Working Papers with number 201106.

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    Length: 49 pages
    Date of creation: Jul 2011
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:uto:dipeco:201106

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    1. Chiswick, Barry R, 1978. "The Effect of Americanization on the Earnings of Foreign-born Men," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 86(5), pages 897-921, October.
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    8. Dumont, Jean-Christophe & Martin, John P. & Spielvogel, Gilles, 2007. "Women on the Move: The Neglected Gender Dimension of the Brain Drain," IZA Discussion Papers 2920, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    9. Oaxaca, Ronald L. & Ransom, Michael R., 1994. "On discrimination and the decomposition of wage differentials," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 61(1), pages 5-21, March.
    10. Kanchana Ruwanpura, 2008. "Multiple identities, multiple-discrimination: A critical review," Feminist Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 14(3), pages 77-105.
    11. Oaxaca, Ronald, 1973. "Male-Female Wage Differentials in Urban Labor Markets," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 14(3), pages 693-709, October.
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