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How Do People in Asia and the Pacific Migrate Legally for Work? An Overview of Legal Frameworks: GATS Mode 4, PTAs and Bilateral Labour Agreements

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  • Melanie Ramjoue

    (United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP))

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    Abstract

    This paper examines the patchwork of multilateral, regional and bilateral legal instruments through which migrants from Asia and the Pacific currently legally cross borders in search of employment. It concludes that the existing frameworks are very inadequate: in almost all the multilateral and preferential agreements focusing predominantly on trade (GATS Mode 4 and Preferential Trade Agreement), countries have made binding commitments only with respect to the temporary entry of high-skilled service providers.

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    File URL: http://www.unescap.org/tid/publication/swp311.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) in its series Working Paper Series with number 311.

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    Length: 24 pages
    Date of creation: Jun 2011
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:unt:wpaper:swp311

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    Related research

    Keywords: International Migration; Trade in Services; GATS Mode 4; Preferential Trade Agreements; Bilateral Labour Agreements;

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    1. Walmsley, Terri Louise & Winters, L. Alan, 2003. "Relaxing the Restrictions on the Temporary Movements of Natural Persons: A Simulation Analysis," CEPR Discussion Papers 3719, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    2. Richard H. Adams, Jr. & John Page, 2003. "International migration, remittances, and poverty in developing countries," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3179, The World Bank.
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