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Représenter la diversité des formes familiales de la production agricole. Approches théoriques et empiriques

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  • Sourisseau, J.M.
  • Bosc, P.M.
  • Fréguin-Gresh, S.
  • Bélières, J.F.
  • Bonnal, P.
  • Le Coq, J.F.
  • Anseeuw, W.
  • Dury, S.
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    Abstract

    The transformation of family-based agricultural structures is compelling the academic and policy environments. The questions being advanced cross the history of agricultural representations since a century. The ways of seeing and representing the different forms of agriculture relate to these transformations. Family farming has acquired an international legitimacy but is presently questioned by agricultural evolutions in developed countries as well as in developing or emerging ones. The Sustainable Rural Livelihoods (SRL) approach allows a global comprehension of the agricultural entity as a constituent of an activity system that has become multi-sectoral and multi-situational, relating to market and non-market regulations. The relative significance and the nature of the mobilized capitals led us to schematically present six organizational forms of family agriculture in New-Caledonia, in Mali, in Viet-Nam, in South Africa, France and Brazil. A more generic characterization that foresees our representation framework proposal poses new methodological challenges. ...French Abstract : Les mutations des agricultures familiales interrogent le monde académique et les politiques. Cette interrogation traverse l’histoire des représentations de l’agriculture depuis un siècle. Les manières de voir ces agricultures ont accompagné leurs transformations. Aujourd’hui, l’agriculture familiale acquiert une légitimité internationale mais elle est questionnée par les évolutions des agricultures aux Nords comme aux Suds. L’approche Sustainable Rural Livelihoods (SRL) permet une appréhension globale du fait agricole comme une composante de systèmes d’activités multi sectoriels et multi situés dont les logiques renvoient à des régulations marchandes et non marchandes. Le poids relatif et la nature des capitaux mobilisés permettent de représenter de manière stylisée six formes d’organisation de l’agriculture familiale en Nouvelle-Calédonie, au Mali, au Viêt-Nam, en Afrique du Sud, en France et au Brésil. Une caractérisation plus générique, qu’esquisse notre proposition de méthode de représentation des agricultures est enfin proposée, qui pose de nouvelles questions méthodologiques.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by UMR MOISA : Marchés, Organisations, Institutions et Stratégies d'Acteurs : CIHEAM-IAMM, CIRAD, INRA, Montpellier SupAgro, IRD - Montpellier, France in its series Working Papers MOISA with number 201205.

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    Date of creation: 2012
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    Handle: RePEc:umr:wpaper:201205

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    Keywords: FAMILY AGRICULTURE; FAMILY FARMING; SUSTAINABLE RURAL LIVELIHOODS; PEASANTS; ENTERPRISES; PLURIACTIVITY; MOBILITY; DIVERSITY;

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    1. Ellis, Frank, 2000. "Rural Livelihoods and Diversity in Developing Countries," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198296966.
    2. Robert Eastwood & Johann Kirsten & Michael Lipton, 2006. "Premature deagriculturalisation? Land inequality and rural dependency in Limpopo province, South Africa," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 42(8), pages 1325-1349.
    3. Jean-Paul Azam & Flore Gubert, 2006. "Migrants' Remittances and the Household in Africa: A Review of Evidence," Journal of African Economies, Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE), vol. 15(2), pages 426-462, December.
    4. Bernard Delord & Philippe Lacombe, 1990. "Dynamique des structures agricoles : exploitation ou famille ?," Économie rurale, Programme National Persée, vol. 199(1), pages 19-25.
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