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Les inégalités salariales de genre: expliquer l'injustifiable ou justifier l'inexplicable

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  • François Rycx
  • Danièle Meulders
  • Robert Plasman

Abstract

In 2001 the gender wage gap in the European union was lying between 6 % and 21 % (ECHP, full-timers). Gender wage gap clearly appears as the core of the inequalities between men and women on the labor market. Using recent results from a research program on the gender wage gap, we show that the large impact of the sectoral and occupational factors in explaining the gender wage gap are not mainly due to differences in characteristics of men and women in employment. We also show that testing the job sharing theory is giving different results for men and women and that the particularities of the industrial relations system largely contribute to explain the size and the national differences in the gender wage gap. The article also stresses the fact that mainstream economic theory remains unable to explain what is usually called the explained part of the gender wage gap as well as the unexplained part.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles in its series ULB Institutional Repository with number 2013/5623.

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Date of creation: 2005
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Publication status: Published in: Reflets et Perspectives de la Vie Economique (2005) v.XLIV n° 2,p.95-107
Handle: RePEc:ulb:ulbeco:2013/5623

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References

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  1. Blau, Francine D & Kahn, Lawrence M, 1996. "International Differences in Male Wage Inequality: Institutions versus Market Forces," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 104(4), pages 791-836, August.
  2. Plasman, Robert & Sissoko, Salimata, 2004. "Comparing Apples with Oranges: Revisiting the Gender Wage Gap in an International Perspective," IZA Discussion Papers 1449, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Francine D. Blau & Lawrence M. Kahn, 2000. "Gender Differences in Pay," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 14(4), pages 75-99, Fall.
  4. Brenda Gannon & Robert Plasman & François Rycx & Ilan Tojerow, 2005. "Inter-industry wage differentials and the gender wage gap: evidence from European countries," DULBEA Working Papers 05-01.RS, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  5. François Rycx & Ilan Tojerow & Robert Plasman, 2004. "Rent sharing and the gender wage gap in Belgium," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/785, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  6. Maarten Goos & Jozef Konings, 2000. "Does Rent-Sharing Exist in Belgium? an Empirical Analysis Using Firm Level Data," Center for Economic Studies - Discussion papers ces0019, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Centrum voor Economische Studiën.
  7. Danièle Meulders & François Rycx & Robert Plasman, 2004. "Earnings inequalities: gender, race and sexual orientation," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/7720, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  8. Blau, Francine D & Kahn, Lawrence M, 1992. "The Gender Earnings Gap: Learning from International Comparisons," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 82(2), pages 533-38, May.
  9. Anne Plasman & Robert Plasman & Michael Rusinek, 2002. "L'évolution de l'écart salarial de genre dans l'Union européenne," Brussels Economic Review, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles, vol. 45(2), pages 41-69.
  10. Danièle Meulders & Robert Plasman & François Rycx, 2002. "Gender wage gaps: a European perspective," Brussels Economic Review, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles, vol. 45(2), pages 3-10.
  11. Danièle Meulders & Robert Plasman, 2003. "Approche féministe de l'économie," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/7702, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  12. Benoît Mahy & Robert Plasman & François Rycx, 2006. "Gender pay differentials: cross-national evidence from micro-data," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/7836, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  13. Ilan Tojerow & François Rycx, 2002. "Inter-industry wage differentials and the gender wage gap in Belgium," Brussels Economic Review, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles, vol. 45(2), pages 119-141.
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