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Dissecting the Chilean Export Boom

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Author Info

  • Raphael Bergoeing
  • Alejandro Micco
  • Andrea Repetto

Abstract

Since 1975 Chilean exports have boomed growing at a 6% average rate per year in real terms. In this paper we use manufacturing Chilean data at the plant level for years 1990 to 2007 to investigate the relationship between exports, plant dynamics and productivity. Our findings are consistent with the predictions of the new heterogeneous firms’ trade theories. Firstly, 64.4% of the total increase in exports is accounted for by new exporters net of failed exporters. This effect is a combination of a larger fraction of plants that export, a rising fraction of output sold abroad and a larger level of total sales. Secondly, productivity and exports co-moved over the Chilean boom, with a positive correlation of exports with both within plant productivity growth and productivity enhancing reallocation of output across plants.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Chile, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number wp339.

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Length: 27 pages
Date of creation: Apr 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:udc:wpaper:wp339

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Web page: http://www.econ.uchile.cl/
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References

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  1. Timothy J. Kehoe & Kim J. Ruhl, 2006. "How Important is the New Goods Margin in International Trade?," 2006 Meeting Papers 733, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  2. Andrew Atkeson & Ariel Burstein, 2007. "Innovation, Firm Dynamics, and International Trade," Working Papers WP13_2007_10, Laboratory for Macroeconomic Analysis.
  3. Pavcnik, Nina, 2002. "Trade Liberalization, Exit, and Productivity Improvement: Evidence from Chilean Plants," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 69(1), pages 245-76, January.
  4. Costas Arkolakis, 2008. "Market Penetration Costs and the New Consumers Margin in International Trade," NBER Working Papers 14214, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Bernard, A., 1997. "Exceptional Exporter Performance: Cause, Effect, or Both?," Working papers 97-21, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
  6. Eaton, Jonathan & Kortum, Samuel S & Kramarz, Francis, 2009. "An Anatomy of International Trade: Evidence from French Firms," CEPR Discussion Papers 7111, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  7. Joachim Wagner, 2008. "Exports, Imports, and Productivity at the Firm Level. An International Perspective: Introduction by Guest Editor," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 144(4), pages 591-595, December.
  8. Luca David Opromolla & Alfonso Irarrazabal, 2005. "Trade Reforms in a Global Competition Model: the Case of Chile," International Trade 0508007, EconWPA.
  9. Roberto Alvarez & Ricardo A. López, 2008. "Is Exporting a Source of Productivity Spillovers?," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 144(4), pages 723-749, December.
  10. Roberto Alvarez & Ricardo López, 2005. "Exporting and performance: evidence from Chilean plants," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 38(4), pages 1384-1400, November.
  11. Trefler, Daniel, 1993. "International Factor Price Differences: Leontief Was Right!," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 101(6), pages 961-87, December.
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Cited by:
  1. Raphael Bergoeing Vela & Andrés Hernando & Andrea Repetto, 2010. "Market Reforms and Efficiency Gains in Chile," Estudios de Economia, University of Chile, Department of Economics, vol. 37(2 Year 20), pages 217-242, December.
  2. Ledezma, Ivan & Bas, Maria, 2010. "Trade Integration and Within-Plant Productivity Evolution in Chile," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/6910, Paris Dauphine University.
  3. Lincoln, William F. & McCallum, Andrew H., 2011. "Entry Costs and Increasing Trade," Working Papers 619, Research Seminar in International Economics, University of Michigan.
  4. Maria Bas & Ivan Ledezma, 2007. "Market Access and the Evolution of within Plant Productivity in Chile," CESifo Working Paper Series 2077, CESifo Group Munich.
  5. repec:hal:wpaper:halshs-00588309 is not listed on IDEAS
  6. William F. Lincoln & Andrew H. McCallum, 2011. "Entry Costs & Increasing Trade," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series wp1024, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
  7. Raphael Bergoeing & Andrea Repetto, 2006. "Micro Efficiency and Aggregate Growth in Chile," Documentos de Trabajo 218, Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile.

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