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Exports and Productivity: An Empirical Analysis of German and Austrian Firm-Level Performance

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  • Hansen, Thorsten
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    Abstract

    This paper studies the relationship between export activities and firm-level productivity. Unique matching of German and Austrian micro data from 1994 to 2003 suggests that exporters are more productive by around 40 percent compared with non-exporters. Moreover, beside other analysis techniques, instrumental variable estimations suggest that exporting causes a rise in firm-level productivity. That is, the annual average growth rate of an exporting firm's productivity is between about 1 and 1.5 percent higher than that of non-exporters. It allows the conclusion that, against other findings of existing studies, both directions hold: more productive firms self-select themselves into export markets and being active in foreign markets boosts firm-level productivity.

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    File URL: http://epub.ub.uni-muenchen.de/11466/1/ExportsProductivity_TH_MDP.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by University of Munich, Department of Economics in its series Discussion Papers in Economics with number 11466.

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    Date of creation: Apr 2010
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    Handle: RePEc:lmu:muenec:11466

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    Keywords: exports; firm-level productivity;

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