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Barcelona, Metropolis policentrica en red

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  • Joan Trullén

    ()
    (Departament d'Economia Aplicada, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona)

  • Rafael Boix

    (Departament d'Economia Aplicada, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona)

Abstract

La organización de la producción en el espacio se asocia con el crecimiento y el desarrollo económico. En esta investigación se propone el estudio de las relaciones entre Barcelona y los municipios de su sistema urbano desde tres niveles del análisis: el área metropolitana, la región metropolitana policéntrica, y la red de ciudades. El estudio del área metropolitana permite comprobar el cambio de extensión de la metrópolis de Barcelona, la dirección de la expansión y la creciente integración con otras áreas urbanas de Cataluña. El análisis interno del área metropolitana nos permite comprobar que a pesar del gran peso específico del municipio de Barcelona, el sistema urbano es policéntrico. El incremento en extensión de la metrópolis se debe a la expansión conjunta de la interacción con Barcelona y con un conjunto de ciudades de antigua tradición industrial. Las áreas de influencia de todos estos subcentros se entrelazan al expandirse, formado una región metropolitana policéntrica. Finalmente, la aplicación al análisis de las teorías de redes de ciudades permite identificar un sistema urbano en el que coexisten relaciones jerárquicas con no jerárquicas, y en el que se generan relaciones de complementariedad y sinergia. El análisis de las redes de ciudades en clave de economía del conocimiento permite deducir la dependencia en la transmisión de información y conocimiento tanto de las redes verticales como de las horizontales. Posteriores estudios deben encaminarse a cuantificar los efectos de la estructura urbana sobre la productividad y la utilidad.

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File URL: http://www.ecap.uab.es/RePEc/doc/wpdea0303.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Department of Applied Economics at Universitat Autonoma of Barcelona in its series Working Papers with number wpdea0303.

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Length: 30 pages
Date of creation: Feb 2003
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:uab:wprdea:wpdea0303

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Web page: http://www.uab.cat/departament/economia-aplicada/
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Keywords: networks of cities; polycentrism; Barcelona;

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  1. R Cervero & K-L Wu, 1997. "Polycentrism, commuting, and residential location in the San Francisco Bay area," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 29(5), pages 865-886, May.
  2. Giuliano, Genevieve & Small, Kenneth A., 1991. "Subcenters in the Los Angeles Region," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt6ts0t95w, University of California Transportation Center.
  3. Richard Arnott & Alex Anas & Kenneth Small, 1997. "Urban Spatial Structure," Boston College Working Papers in Economics, Boston College Department of Economics 388., Boston College Department of Economics.
  4. John B Parr, 2002. "Agglomeration economies: ambiguities and confusions," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 34(4), pages 717-731, April.
  5. Joan Trullén & Josep Lladós & Rafael Boix, 2002. "Economía del conocimiento, ciudad y competitividad," Working Papers, Department of Applied Economics at Universitat Autonoma of Barcelona wp0207, Department of Applied Economics at Universitat Autonoma of Barcelona.
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