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Economía del conocimiento, ciudad y competitividad

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  • Joan Trullén

    ()
    (Departament d'Economia Aplicada, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona)

  • Josep Lladós
  • Rafael Boix

    (Departament d'Economia Aplicada, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona)

Abstract

Desde finales de los años 80’s, Barcelona se convierte en una metrópolis internacional en la que se concentra el grueso de la competitividad exterior de la economía española. Hasta el momento, el esfuerzo para comprender las razones por las cuales la economía de Barcelona ha conseguido esta posición tan destacada son de naturaleza fundamentalmente urbana. En diferentes investigaciones se ha subrayado la existencia de factores territoriales de competitividad específicos: proximidad a los mercados europeos, expansión del área metropolitana, y existencia de economías externas de naturaleza territorial como son las economías de localización, de urbanización y de red. En el presente trabajo destacamos que el nuevo modelo económico de Barcelona presenta también otra característica propia de las ciudades y las economías más avanzadas. Se trata del cambio de su base productiva hacia una dirección fundamental: el impulso de la economía del conocimiento. El objetivo es averiguar hasta qué punto los cambios detectados en la forma de producir y en la localización de la actividad económica se relacionan con el crecimiento de las actividades densas en conocimiento, y si en el éxito internacional del modelo de Barcelona existen razones asociadas a la progresión de las actividades de tecnología e intensidad de conocimientos más elevada.

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File URL: http://www.ecap.uab.es/RePEc/doc/wp0207.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Department of Applied Economics at Universitat Autonoma of Barcelona in its series Working Papers with number wp0207.

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Length: 25 pages
Date of creation: Mar 2002
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:uab:wprdea:wp0207

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Web page: http://www.uab.cat/departament/economia-aplicada/
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Related research

Keywords: Economía del conocimiento; Economía urbana; Indicadores urbanos; Competitividad;

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Cited by:
  1. Luciana Lazzeretti & Rafael Boix & Francesco Capone, 2008. "Do creative industries cluster? Mapping Creative Local Production Systems in Italy," Working Papers, Department of Applied Economics at Universitat Autonoma of Barcelona wpdea0805, Department of Applied Economics at Universitat Autonoma of Barcelona.
  2. José María Mella Márquez & Coro Chasco Yrigoyen, 2004. "Urban growth and territorial dynamics in Spain (1985-2001): A spatial econometrics analysis," Urban/Regional, EconWPA 0411003, EconWPA.
  3. Miguel Ángel García & Ivan Muñiz, 2005. "El impacto espacial de las economías de aglomeración y su efecto sobre la estructura urbana.El caso de la industria en Barcelona, 1986-1996," Working Papers, Department of Applied Economics at Universitat Autonoma of Barcelona wpdea0509, Department of Applied Economics at Universitat Autonoma of Barcelona.
  4. Miguel Angel García & Ivan Muñiz, 2005. "The spatial effect of intra-metropolitan agglomeration economies," Working Papers, Department of Applied Economics at Universitat Autonoma of Barcelona wpdea0513, Department of Applied Economics at Universitat Autonoma of Barcelona.
  5. Joan Trullén & Rafael Boix, 2003. "Barcelona, Metropolis policentrica en red," Working Papers, Department of Applied Economics at Universitat Autonoma of Barcelona wpdea0303, Department of Applied Economics at Universitat Autonoma of Barcelona.

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