Estimating the Social Marginal Cost of Public Funds: A Micro-data Approach
AbstractThis study proposes a method to estimate the social marginal cost of public funds (SMCF) that utilizes household data. First, we recast the existing SMCF formula to highlight the role of individual marginal costs of public funds (IMCF) and their respective distributional weights. Second, we elaborate on aspects of the distributional weights. In particular, we derive the weights from a utility function with constant-elasticity substitution and a social welfare function with constant-inequality aversion, and compare them to the conventional distributional weights that are frequently used in distributional cost-benefit analysis. Third, using a Japanese micro-data set, we estimate the wage elasticity of labor supply and the corresponding IMCFs on a household basis. This then not only enables us to examine how the elasticities and the IMCFs are distributed but also allows us to explore how they are related to income level and to see how valid the assumptions made in the previous studies are. Lastly, as examples, we use the SMCF estimates to examine the social desirability of the progressive tax system in Japan as compared to an optimized flat tax.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by CIRJE, Faculty of Economics, University of Tokyo in its series CIRJE F-Series with number CIRJE-F-817.
Length: 33 pages
Date of creation: Sep 2011
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Other versions of this item:
- Shun-ichiro Bessho & Masayoshi Hayashi, 2013. "Estimating the Social Marginal Cost of Public Funds," Public Finance Review, , vol. 41(3), pages 360-385, May.
- Shun-ichiro Bessho & Masayoshi Hayashi, 2005. "The Social Cost of Public Funds : The Case of Japanese Progressive Income Taxation," Finance Working Papers 22031, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
- H24 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Personal Income and Other Nonbusiness Taxes and Subsidies
- H41 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - Public Goods
- H71 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - State and Local Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue
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