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The Marginal Cost of Public Funds is One

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  • Bas Jacobs

Abstract

This paper develops a Mirrlees (1971) framework with heterogeneous agents to analyze optimal redistributive taxes, optimal provision of public goods and the marginal cost of public funds (MCF). Standard MCF measures are shown to suffer from three defects: i) The MCF for the (non-individualized) lump-sum tax is generally not equal to one. ii) The MCF for distortionary taxes is not directly related to the marginal excess burden. iii) MCF measures for both lump-sum and distortionary taxes are highly sensitive to the choice of the untaxed numéraire good. These problems are caused by using the private rather than the social marginal value of private income to calculate the MCF, and disappear by using the social marginal value of private income. Moreover, by allowing for redistributional concerns, the marginal excess burden of distortionary taxes equals the marginal distributional gain at the optimal tax system. MCF therefore equals one, both for lump-sum and distortionary taxes, and the modified Samuelson rule should not be corrected for the marginal cost of public funds.

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Paper provided by CESifo Group Munich in its series CESifo Working Paper Series with number 3250.

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Date of creation: 2010
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Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_3250

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Keywords: marginal cost of funds; marginal excess burden; optimal taxation; optimal redistribution; optimal provision of public goods; Samuelson rule;

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Cited by:
  1. Helmuth Cremer & Kerstin Roeder, 2012. "Long-Term Care Policy, Myopia and Redistribution," CESifo Working Paper Series 3843, CESifo Group Munich.
  2. Laurence Jacquet & Etienne Lehmann & Bruno Van der Linden, 2010. "Optimal Redistributive Taxation with both Extensive and Intensive Responses," CESifo Working Paper Series 3308, CESifo Group Munich.
  3. Mehlkopf, R.J., 2011. "Risk sharing with the unborn," Open Access publications from Tilburg University urn:nbn:nl:ui:12-4960700, Tilburg University.
  4. Robin Boadway & Pierre Pestieau, 2011. "Indirect Taxes for Redistribution: Should Necessity Goods be Favored?," CESifo Working Paper Series 3667, CESifo Group Munich.

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