A new perspective on the Gold Standard: Inflation as a population phenomenon
AbstractThe purpose of this paper is to contribute a new model of the Gold Standard, focusing on the interaction between resource scarcity and demographics. In a dynamic micro-founded model we find that: i) prices and equilibrium gold holdings increase with population (a scale effect), but decrease with the population growth rate; ii) that the Gold Standard implies deflation unless extraction resources outstrip population growth; iii) there is no optimal quantity of money. The predictions of the model are examined using a structural VAR. Our results also shed light on debates about the viability of a return to the Gold Standard, and, more generally, on the interaction between policy variables and scarce resources.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by School of Economics, University of Surrey in its series School of Economics Discussion Papers with number 0412.
Length: 25 pages
Date of creation: Feb 2012
Date of revision:
Gold Standard; Cagan-Keynes; Labor; Extraction; Scarcity; Inflation; Deflation; Population Dynamics;
Other versions of this item:
- Faria, João Ricardo & McAdam, Peter, 2012. "A new perspective on the Gold Standard: Inflation as a population phenomenon," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 31(6), pages 1358-1370.
- E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
- E41 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Demand for Money
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