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Est-ce que les universites profitent a la population locale de jeunes? Resultats provenant de la frequentation des universites et des colleges, et des gains des diplomes suivant la creation d'une nouvelle universite

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  • Frenette, Marc

Abstract

Dans la presente etude, j'explore le rapport entre la presence d'une universite dans une ville et l'inscription a l'universite et au college de la population locale de jeunes. Les conclusions sont tirees des donnees du recensement, ainsi que de donnees sur la creation de nouveaux etablissements decernant des grades universitaires au Canada. Les etudiants qui n'ont pas acces a une universite locale sont beaucoup moins susceptibles de poursuivre des etudes universitaires que les etudiants qui ont grandi a proximite d'une universite, probablement en raison des couts supplementaires lies au demenagement dans une autre ville, par opposition aux differences dans les autres facteurs (p. ex., le revenu familial, le niveau d'etudes des parents, la reussite scolaire). Toutefois, lorsqu'une option s'offre a ces etudiants dans leur localite, leur probabilite de s'inscrire augmente de facon substantielle. De facon plus particuliere, la creation d'un etablissement local decernant des grades universitaires est liee a une augmentation de 28,1 % de l'inscription a l'universite de la population locale de jeunes, et des hausses importantes sont enregistrees dans chaque ville touchee. Toutefois, l'augmentation du taux d'inscription a l'universite se fait aux depens de l'inscription au college dans la plupart des villes. Par ailleurs, ce ne sont pas toutes les personnes qui profitent egalement de la creation d'une nouvelle universite. De facon plus particuliere, les etudiants provenant de familles a faible revenu enregistrent les augmentations les plus marquees de leur taux d'inscription a l'universite, ce qui correspond a la notion selon laquelle la distance pose un obstacle financier. Par ailleurs, les populations locales de jeunes Autochtones n'affichent qu'une hausse legere de leur taux d'inscription a l'universite lorsqu'une option leur est offerte au niveau local.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques in its series Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche with number 2006283f.

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Date of creation: 25 Jan 2007
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Handle: RePEc:stc:stcp3f:2006283f

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Keywords: Education; training and learning; Students;

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References

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  1. Ana M. Ferrer & W. Craig Riddell, 2002. "The role of credentials in the Canadian labour market," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 35(4), pages 879-905, November.
  2. Michael B Coelli, 2009. "Parental Job Loss, Income Shocks and the Education Enrolment of Youth," Department of Economics - Working Papers Series, The University of Melbourne 1060, The University of Melbourne.
  3. Frenette, Marc, 2003. "Access to College and University: Does Distance Matter?," Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series 2003201e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
  4. Drolet, Marie, 2005. "Participation aux etudes postsecondaires au Canada : le role du revenu et du niveau de scolarite des parents a-t-il evolue au cours des annees 1990?," Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques 2005243f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.
  5. Zhao, John & Lipps, Garth & Corak, Miles, 2003. "Revenu familial et participation aux etudes postsecondaires," Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques 2003210f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.
  6. Do, Chau, 2004. "The effects of local colleges on the quality of college attended," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 23(3), pages 249-257, June.
  7. Frenette, Marc, 2002. "Too Far to Go on? Distance to School and University Participation," Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series 2002191e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
  8. Frenette, Marc, 2005. "L'acces aux etudes postsecondaires est-il plus equitable au Canada ou aux Etats Unis?," Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques 2005244f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.
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Cited by:
  1. Ferrall, Christopher & Betts, Julian & Finnie, Ross, 2007. "L'incidence des caracteristiques d'une universite sur les resultats professionnels apres le diplome : temoignages de trois cohortes canadiennes recemment diplomees," Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques 2007292f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.
  2. Cathleen Johnson & Claude Montmarquette, 2011. "Loan Aversion among Canadian High School Students," CIRANO Working Papers, CIRANO 2011s-67, CIRANO.

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