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Pauvreté, croissance et redistribution en Haïti

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  • Alex Siméon

    ()
    (GREDI, Département d'économique, Université de Sherbrooke)

  • Dorothée Boccanfuso

    ()
    (GREDI, Faculte d'administration, Université de Sherbrooke)

Abstract

ABSTRACT: Considérant sa situation en terme de pauvreté, Haïti figure parmi les pays bénéficiant des programmes des Objectifs du millénaire pour le développement (OMD). Quelques études ont en effet montré ces dernières années, qu’Haïti était un pays pauvre et très inégalitaire. Cependant, ces travaux présentent la particularité commune de traiter la pauvreté indépendamment de l’inégalité. Or, certains auteurs ont montré que l’inégalité était susceptible d’aggraver la pauvreté, même en situation de croissance économique. Aussi, la décomposition de la variation de la pauvreté en composantes croissance et inégalité reste un aspect inexploré en Haïti. En effet, la situation de pauvreté en Haïti s’explique-t-elle par un déficit de croissance ou par une forte inégalité dans la distribution des revenus? L’objectif de cet article est précisément de décomposer la variation de la pauvreté haïtienne en composantes croissance et inégalité entre 1986/1987 et 1999/2000. Nous montrons qu’en Haïti la variation de la pauvreté est due, en général, aux effets favorables de la composante « croissance » et aux effets défavorables de la composante « inégalité ».

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File URL: http://gredi.recherche.usherbrooke.ca/wpapers/GREDI-0617.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Departement d'Economique de la Faculte d'administration à l'Universite de Sherbrooke in its series Cahiers de recherche with number 06-17.

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Length: 24 pages
Date of creation: 2006
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:shr:wpaper:06-17

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Postal: Sherbrooke, Québec, J1K 2R1
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Web page: http://www.gredi.org/home/documents-de-travail
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Keywords: décomposition; pauvreté; croissance; inégalité; Haïti; Shapley.;

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References

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  1. Foster, James & Greer, Joel & Thorbecke, Erik, 1984. "A Class of Decomposable Poverty Measures," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 52(3), pages 761-66, May.
  2. Evans Jadotte, 2006. "Income Distribution and Poverty in the Republic of Haiti," Working Papers PMMA 2006-13, PEP-PMMA.
  3. Paul Makdissi & Jean-Yves Duclos, 2001. "Restricted Inequality and Relative Poverty," Cahiers de recherche 01-06, Departement d'Economique de la Faculte d'administration à l'Universite de Sherbrooke.
  4. Qi Zhang, 2003. "DAD, an Innovative Tool for Income Distribution Analysis," Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer, vol. 1(3), pages 281-284, December.
  5. Alex Siméon & Dorothée Boccanfuso, 2006. "Dynamique de la pauvreté en Haïti et ses déterminants," Cahiers de recherche 06-15, Departement d'Economique de la Faculte d'administration à l'Universite de Sherbrooke.
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