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Information Sharing in Credit Markets: A Survey

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Abstract

Information sharing about borrowers' characteristics and their indebtedness can have important effects on credit markets activity. First, it improves the banks' knowledge of applicants' characteristics and permits a more accurate prediction of their repayment probabilities. Second, it reduces the informational rents that banks could otherwise extract from their customers. Third, it can operate as a borrower discipline device. Finally, it eliminates borrowers' incentive to become over-indebted by drawing credit simultaneously from many banks without any of them realizing. Understanding the effects of information sharing also helps to shed light on some key issues in the design of a credit information system, such as the relationship between public and private mechanisms, the dosage between black and white information sharing, and the "memory" of the system. Merging the insights from theoretical models with the lessons of experience, one can avoid serious pitfalls in the design of credit information systems.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Centre for Studies in Economics and Finance (CSEF), University of Naples, Italy in its series CSEF Working Papers with number 36.

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Date of creation: 01 Mar 2000
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Publication status: Published in The Economics of Consumer Credit: European Experience and Lessons from the U.S, edited by G. Bertola, R. Disney, and C. Grant. Cambridge: The MIT Press, July 2006
Handle: RePEc:sef:csefwp:36

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Keywords: information sharing; credit markets;

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  1. Tullio Jappelli & Marco Pagano, 1999. "Information Sharing, Lending and Defaults: Cross-Country Evidence," CSEF Working Papers 22, Centre for Studies in Economics and Finance (CSEF), University of Naples, Italy.
  2. Rafael La Porta & Florencio Lopez-de-Silane & Andrei Shleifer & Robert W. Vishny, 1997. "Legal Determinants of External Finance," NBER Working Papers 5879, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Padilla, A Jorge & Pagano, Marco, 1997. "Endogenous Communication among Lenders and Entrepreneurial Incentives," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 10(1), pages 205-36.
  4. A. Jorge Padilla & Marco Pagano, 1999. "Sharing Default Information as a Borrower Discipline Device," CSEF Working Papers 21, Centre for Studies in Economics and Finance (CSEF), University of Naples, Italy.
  5. Hart, O. & Moore, J., 1991. "A Theory of Debt Based on the Inalienability of Human Capital," Working papers 592, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
  6. Tullio Jappelli & Marco Pagano, 2000. "Information Sharing in Credit Markets: The European Experience," CSEF Working Papers 35, Centre for Studies in Economics and Finance (CSEF), University of Naples, Italy.
  7. La Porta, Rafael & Lopez-de-Silanes, Florencio & Shleifer, Andrei & Vishny, Robert W., 1998. "Law and Finance," Scholarly Articles 3451310, Harvard University Department of Economics.
  8. Pagano, Marco & Jappelli, Tullio, 1993. " Information Sharing in Credit Markets," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 48(5), pages 1693-1718, December.
  9. Ongena, S. & Smith, D.C., 2000. "Bank relationships: A review," Open Access publications from Tilburg University urn:nbn:nl:ui:12-80678, Tilburg University.
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Cited by:
  1. Jan Bouckaert & Hans Degryse, 2002. "Softening Competition by Enhancing Entry: An Example from the Banking Industry," CSEF Working Papers 85, Centre for Studies in Economics and Finance (CSEF), University of Naples, Italy.
  2. Hainz, Christa, 2007. "Creditor Passivity: The Effects of Bank Competition and Institutions on the Strategic Use of Bankruptcy Filings," Discussion Papers in Economics 2028, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
  3. Maria Semenova, 2008. "Information Sharing in Credit Markets: Incentives for Incorrect Information Reporting," Comparative Economic Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 50(3), pages 381-415, September.
  4. Karapetyan, A. & Stacescu, B., 2009. "Information Sharing and Information Acqusition in Credit Markets," Discussion Paper 2009-36 S, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
  5. Carter, Michael R. & Galarza, Francisco & Boucher, Stephen, 2007. "Underwriting area-based yield insurance to crowd-in credit supply and demand," MPRA Paper 24326, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  6. Tullio Jappelli & Marco Pagano, 2000. "Information Sharing in Credit Markets: The European Experience," CSEF Working Papers 35, Centre for Studies in Economics and Finance (CSEF), University of Naples, Italy.
  7. Wu, Ji & Jeon, Bang Nam & Luca, Alina C., 2010. "Does Distance Affect the Performance of Foreign Banks? Evidence from Multinational Banking in Developing Countries," MPRA Paper 37083, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 01 Feb 2012.
  8. Alberto Giovannini & Francesco Giavazzi, 2001. "A More Efficient Financial System for Improved Economic Performance : An Attempt at Identifying the Priorities," Revue d'Économie Financière, Programme National Persée, vol. 62(2), pages 71-81.
  9. Hainz, Christa, 2005. "Quality of Institutions, Credit Markets and Bankruptcy," Proceedings of the German Development Economics Conference, Kiel 2005 18, Verein für Socialpolitik, Research Committee Development Economics.
  10. Alberto Giovannini & Francesco Giavazzi, 2001. "Un système financier plus efficient pour obtenir de meilleures performances économiques : une tentative d'identification des priorités," Revue d'Économie Financière, Programme National Persée, vol. 62(2), pages 79-91.

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