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Analysis of cross-country differences in the shape of the age-wage relationship with an attempt to tackle age-productivity differences within the EU

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  • Mateusz Walewski
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    Abstract

    As the process of population ageing in Europe carries on and the retirement age increases, the relationship between age and productivity becomes more and more important. One can be afraid that as the average age of the working individual goes up, the average level of productivity growth will go down, resulting in decreasing competitiveness of European economies. Our expectation is that due to serious differences in labor market structures between New Member States (NMS) (including current candidates) and the EU15, the former are the first order candidates to experience higher than average productivity costs of ageing in the near future. In this paper, one tries to examine this hypothesis. The research strategy in this study has been based on the assumption that, in general, wages are correlated with productivity on the individual level and, as such, can be used as a proxy for productivity. Such an assumption is quite risky and can be easily criticized. Hence, based on the results of earlier studies, our main empirical analysis is limited to groups of workers for which one can expect that correlation between productivity and wages is still substantial. It seems, that taking all the caveats in mind, the results of our analysis show that the relative productivity of older workers in the NMS is lower than in EU15.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by CASE-Center for Social and Economic Research in its series CASE Network Studies and Analyses with number 0351.

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    Length: 30 Pages
    Date of creation: 2007
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:sec:cnstan:0351

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    Keywords: labour market; wages; productivity; ageing;

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    1. Judith K. Hellerstein & David Neumark, 2004. "Production Function and Wage Equation Estimation with Heterogeneous Labor: Evidence from a New Matched Employer-Employee Data Set," NBER Working Papers 10325, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. David Neumark & Paul Taubman, 1994. "Why Do Wage Profiles Slope Upwards? Tests of the General Human Capital Model," NBER Working Papers 4688, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Giuseppe Carone & Declan Costello & Nuria Diez Guardia & Gilles Mourre & Bartosz Przywara & Aino Salomaki, 2005. "The economic impact of ageing populations in the EU25 Member States," European Economy - Economic Papers 236, Directorate General Economic and Monetary Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission.
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