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Risky jobs and wage differentials An indirect test for segregation

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  • Vincenzo Carrieri
  • Edoardo Di Porto
  • Leandro Elia

Abstract

Social scientists have developed several indicators to address the existence of segregation processes. This paper deals with labor market segregation in risky jobs and suggests a simple indirect way to detect segregation based on battery of statistical tests in a well-established microeconomics setting: the theory of compensating wage differentials. The test is based on matching estimator and the Rosenbaum bounds test and allows us to detect segregation while correcting for the selection bias that affect standard estimates, commonly based on OLS. We apply our test to the Italian labor market and we detect a strong segmentation in risky jobs. According to the theory, workers segregated in risky jobs, earn a lower wage.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Rome La Sapienza, Department of Public Economics in its series Working Papers with number 144.

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Length: 24
Date of creation: Jul 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:sap:wpaper:wp144

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Keywords: wage differentials; risky jobs; segregation; propensity score matching; Rosenbaum bounds.;

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  1. Joni Hersch & W. Kip Viscusi, 1990. "Cigarette Smoking, Seatbelt Use, and Differences in Wage-Risk Tradeoffs," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 25(2), pages 202-227.
  2. Mary F. Evans & V. Kerry Smith, 2009. "Measuring How Risk Tradeoffs Adjust With Income," NBER Working Papers 15372, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Viscusi, W Kip & Aldy, Joseph E, 2003. " The Value of a Statistical Life: A Critical Review of Market Estimates throughout the World," Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, Springer, vol. 27(1), pages 5-76, August.
  4. repec:reg:wpaper:282 is not listed on IDEAS
  5. James Heckman & Hidehiko Ichimura & Jeffrey Smith & Petra Todd, 1998. "Characterizing Selection Bias Using Experimental Data," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 66(5), pages 1017-1098, September.
  6. Rosen, Sherwin, 1974. "Hedonic Prices and Implicit Markets: Product Differentiation in Pure Competition," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 82(1), pages 34-55, Jan.-Feb..
  7. W. Kip Viscusi, 2004. "The Value of Life: Estimates with Risks by Occupation and Industry," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 42(1), pages 29-48, January.
  8. Kniesner, Thomas J. & Viscusi, W. Kip & Ziliak, James P., 2009. "Policy Relevant Heterogeneity in the Value of Statistical Life: New Evidence from Panel Data Quantile Regressions," IZA Discussion Papers 4508, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  9. Heckman, James J & Ichimura, Hidehiko & Todd, Petra E, 1997. "Matching as an Econometric Evaluation Estimator: Evidence from Evaluating a Job Training Programme," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 64(4), pages 605-54, October.
  10. repec:reg:rpubli:282 is not listed on IDEAS
  11. W. Kip Viscusi & Joni Hersch, 2001. "Cigarette Smokers As Job Risk Takers," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 83(2), pages 269-280, May.
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