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Do rent-seeking and interregional transfers contribute to urban primacy in sub-Saharan Africa?

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  • Kristian Behrens
  • Alain Pholo Bala

Abstract

We develop an economic geography model where mobile skilled workers choose to either work in a production sector or to become part of an unproductive elite. The elite sets income tax rates to maximize its own welfare by extracting rents, thereby influencing the spatial structure of the economy and changing the available range of consumption goods. We show that either unskilled labor mobility, or rent-seeking behavior, or both, are likely to favor the occurence of agglomeration and of urban primacy. In equilibrium, the elite may tax the unskilled workers but does not tax the skilled workers, and there are rural-urban transfers towards the agglomeration. The size of the elite and the magnitude of the tax burden that falls on the unskilled decrease with product differentiation and with the expenditure share for manufacturing goods. All these results are broadly in line with observed patterns of urban primacy and economic development in sub-Saharan African countries.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Economic Research Southern Africa in its series Working Papers with number 237.

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Length: 48 pages
Date of creation: 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:rza:wpaper:237

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Keywords: economic geography; rent-seeking; interregional transfers; urban primacy; Sub-Saharan Africa.;

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Cited by:
  1. Christiaensen, Luc J.M. & Todo, Yasuyuki, 2009. "Poverty Reduction during the Rural-Urban Transformation - The Role of the Missing Middle," 2009 Conference, August 16-22, 2009, Beijing, China 51467, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
  2. Christiaensen, Luc & De Weerdt, Joachim & Todo, Yasuyuki, 2013. "Urbanization and poverty reduction -- the role of rural diversification and secondary towns," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6422, The World Bank.

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